Pinocchio vhs gold collection

Pinocchio vhs gold collection DEFAULT

The Ultimate Collectors Guide To Disney VHS Tapes

If you’re collecting Disney VHS tapes, you’ll want to ensure you keep your collection in as mint condition as possible. Here are my top tips on preserving your Disney VHS collection:

1. Rewind Your VHS Tapes

If you have access to a working VCR, rewind your tapes to the beginning. By rewinding the tape, you’re keeping it tight, avoiding sagging and reducing your chance of tape degradation.

2. Clean Before Long Term Storage

Without touching the tape, use a microfibre lint-free cloth to clean the outside of your VHS and the inside of your tape case. The cleaner it goes on the way into storage, the longer it will last.

3. Store Upright

As with rewinding your tape to the beginning, storing your VHS upright will prevent tape sagging and help retain quality over time.

4. Store In A Cool, Dry Place Out Of Sunlight

UV light can bleach your Disney VHS cases. Light, heat and moisture can all degrade VHS tapes and affect the image and colour quality. To prevent this, store your tapes in a cool, dry place out of sunlight.

5. Store Away From Speakers, TVs And Magnets

Try to store your VHS tapes away from anything that produces a magnetic field. Speakers, TVs, computers and audio equipment can all produce magnetic fields.

If you obtained value from this guide, you can support our work by purchasing your Disney VHS Tapes through our eBay affiliate link (at no extra cost to you). You can also purchase a Disney VHS Collection list. This will help you identity specific tapes and allow you to keep track of your collection.

Sours: https://www.ourdepartureboard.com/blog/disney-vhs-ultimate-guide

Super Cute! Walt Disney's Gold Collection Pinocchio Classic Vhs Tape

UnsoldSee similar items$8.95Buy It Now, $4.45 Shipping, eBay Money Back Guarantee

Seller:cayce1020✉️(1,674)100%, Location:Draper, Utah, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item:284124579939SUPER CUTE! WALT DISNEY'S GOLD COLLECTION PINOCCHIO CLASSIC VHS TAPE . Super Cute! Walt Disney's Gold Collection Pinocchio VHS Tape Classic You are looking at an authentic Disney VHS tape called Pinocchio. On a magical starlit night, a blue fairy brings Geppetto's beloved marionette Pinocchio to life, beginning a fantastic adventure that will test the puppet's bravery, loyalty, and honesty - virtues he must learn to become a real boy. Also included: A rare behind-the-scenes look at how Walt Disney created this legendary masterpiece. Special 60th Anniversary Edition/ Fully Restored/ Digitally Mastered / THX-Certified. Running time: 88 minutes. Color. I am the original owner. Comes from a pet free/smoke free home. Everything I list is straight out of my own home.Things have been well taken care of and I know all of the pieces well. Thank you for stopping by and have a great day! :)Condition:Like New, Condition:Good condition. Ripples on the plastic on the backside., All returns accepted:ReturnsNotAccepted, Studio:Disney, Brand:Disney, Actor:Pinocchio, Language:English, Movie/TV Title:Pinocchio, Genre:Children's & Family, Sub-Genre:Action

PicClick Insights - Super Cute! Walt Disney's Gold Collection Pinocchio Classic Vhs Tape PicClick Exclusive

  •  Popularity - 0 views, 0 views per day, 93 days on eBay. 0 sold, 1 available.
  • 0 views, 0 views per day, 93 days on eBay. 0 sold, 1 available.

  •  Price -
  •  Seller - 1,674+ items sold. 0% negative feedback. Great seller with very good positive feedback and over 50 ratings.
  • 1,674+ items sold. 0% negative feedback. Great seller with very good positive feedback and over 50 ratings.

    Recent Feedback

People Also Loved PicClick Exclusive

Sours: https://picclick.com/Super-Cute-Walt-Disneys-Gold-Collection-Pinocchio-Classic-284124579939.html
  1. Espante in english
  2. Dog boarding doral
  3. Chester pa weather
  4. Silicone cake pan walmart

Pinocchio (1940 film)

1940 American animated musical fantasy film

Pinocchio is a 1940 American animatedmusicalfantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and based on the 1883 Italian children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi. It was the 2nd animated feature film produced by Disney, made after the first animated success Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937).

The plot involves an old Italian woodcarver named Geppetto who carves a wooden puppet named Pinocchio. The puppet is brought to life by a blue fairy, who informs him that he can become a real boy if he proves himself to be "brave, truthful, and unselfish". Pinocchio's efforts to become a real boy involve encounters with a host of unsavory characters. The key character of Jiminy Cricket is based on a 100-year "wise, old" talking cricket from the original book,[4] who warns Pinocchio of his impudence when they meet only to be killed in return shortly after, before returning as a ghost.[5] The film was adapted by several storyboard artists from Collodi's book. The production was supervised by Ben Sharpsteen and Hamilton Luske, and the film's sequences were directed by Norman Ferguson, T. Hee, Wilfred Jackson, Jack Kinney, and Bill Roberts. Pinocchio was a groundbreaking achievement in the area of effects animation, giving realistic movement to vehicles, machinery and natural elements such as rain, lightning, smoke, shadows and water. The film was released to theaters by RKO Radio Pictures on February 7, 1940.

Although it became the first animated feature to win a competitive Academy Award — winning two for Best Music, Original Score and for Best Music, Original Song for "When You Wish Upon a Star" — it was initially a box office bomb, mainly due to World War II cutting off the European and Asian markets overseas. It eventually made a profit in its 1945 reissue, and is considered one of the greatest animated films ever made, with a 100% rating on the website Rotten Tomatoes. The film and characters are still prevalent in popular culture, featuring at various Disney parks and in other forms of entertainment. In 1994, Pinocchio was added to the United States National Film Registry for being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[6]

In April 2015, a live-action adaptation directed by Robert Zemeckis had officially entered development and began filming in March 2021.[7]

Plot[edit]

Jiminy Cricket addresses the audience to open the film, informing them he is about to tell a story of dreams coming true.

One night, he arrives at the shop of a childless woodworker named Geppetto, who creates a marionette which he names Pinocchio. Before falling asleep with his pets, Figaro the kitten and Cleo the goldfish, Geppetto wishes on a star for Pinocchio to be a real boy. During the night, a Blue Fairy visits the workshop and brings Pinocchio to life, although he remains a puppet. She informs him that if he proves himself brave, truthful, and unselfish, he will become a real boy. She then assigns Jiminy to be Pinocchio's conscience. Geppetto wakes up, and is ecstatic to discover his puppet is alive.

The next day, on his way to school, Pinocchio is led astray by con-artist fox Honest John and his sidekick Gideon the Cat, local crooks and scoundrels. Honest John convinces him to join Stromboli's puppet show, which Pinocchio does despite Jiminy's objections. Pinocchio, as "The Puppet Without Strings", becomes Stromboli's star attraction. When Pinocchio tries to go home, Stromboli locks him in a cage and announces his intention to tour the world, chopping up Pinocchio for firewood once he's served his purpose. After Jiminy unsuccessfully tries to free his friend, the Blue Fairy appears and asks Pinocchio why he was not at school. Pinocchio lies, but his nose grows longer and longer until he tells the truth. The Blue Fairy restores his nose and frees him, but warns him she can no longer help him.

Meanwhile, Honest John is celebrating with his partner Gideon at The Red Lobster Inn with the (miserable) amount of money obtained by selling Pinocchio to Stromboli. They're promised money by a mysterious "Coachman", if they can find "stupid little boys" for him to take to Pleasure Island. Though Honest John and Gideon are terrified by the Coachman's statement that none of the boys come back "as boys" with his sudden demonic face and grin, not to mention the possible extreme consequences with the law if they got caught and one boy escaped from the notorious and illegal place, they get persuaded with fear and again fall in with Pinocchio-the only child around-as they leave the tavern. Honest John convinces him to take a vacation on Pleasure Island after his terrible experience with Stromboli. On the way to Pleasure Island, Pinocchio befriends Lampwick, a delinquent boy. Without rules or authority to enforce their activity, Pinocchio, Lampwick and other boys soon engage in smokingcigars and cigarettes, gambling, vandalism, and getting drunk, much to Jiminy's dismay after fun in Pleasure Island. Jiminy discovers that the island hides a horrible curse: the boys brought to Pleasure Island are turned into donkeys for their misdeeds and are sold by the Coachman to slave labor in salt mines and circuses. Pinocchio witnesses Lampwick transforming into a donkey, and with Jiminy's help, Pinocchio escapes, though with donkey ears and a tail on himself, and ever Jiminy Cricket, who asked for it Coachaman and his minions to open this door, because he want to go home.

Upon returning home, Pinocchio and Jiminy find the workshop vacant. They soon get a letter from the Blue Fairy as a dove, stating that Geppetto had gone out looking for Pinocchio but was swallowed by Monstro, a mean, vicious, terrible and gigantic man-eating whale, and is now living in the belly of the beast. Determined to rescue his father, Pinocchio jumps into the sea, accompanied by Jiminy. Pinocchio is soon swallowed by Monstro as well, where he finds Geppetto. Pinocchio devises a scheme to make Monstro sneeze, giving them a chance to escape. The scheme works, but the enraged whale chases them and smashes their raft. Pinocchio pulls Geppetto to safety in a cave before Monstro crashes into it. Geppetto, Figaro, Cleo, and Jiminy wash up safely on a beach, but Pinocchio is apparently killed.

Back home, Geppetto, Jiminy, and the pets are inconsolable over the loss of Pinocchio. However, the Blue Fairy decides that Pinocchio has proven himself brave, truthful, and selfless; to reward him, she reverses the Pleasure Island curse and turns him into a real human boy, reviving him in the process, much to everyone's joy. As the group celebrates, Jiminy steps outside to thank the Fairy and is rewarded with a solid gold badge that certifies him as an official conscience.

Voice cast[edit]

  • Dick Jones as Pinocchio, a wooden puppet carved by Geppetto, and turned into a living puppet by the Blue Fairy.
  • Cliff Edwards as Jiminy Cricket, a cheerful, intelligent, and wisecracking cricket, who acts as Pinocchio's "conscience", and the partial narrator of the story.
  • Christian Rub as Geppetto, a kind and elderly wood-carver, who creates Pinocchio, and wishes for him to become a real boy. He speaks with an Austrian accent.
  • Clarence Nash as Figaro, Geppetto's spoiled pet cat who is prone to jealousy. Cleo, Geppetto's flirty pet goldfish with a habit of being Figaro's counselor, is unvoiced. Figaro and Cleo were original characters added to the script by the Disney team.[8]
  • Walter Catlett as "Honest" John Worthington Foulfellow, a dishonest, deceitful, illiterate, poor, and greedy anthropomorphicred fox who swindles Pinocchio twice.
  • Charles Judels as Stromboli, a cruel and greedy puppeteer, who intends to force Pinocchio to perform onstage in order to make money and to use him as "firewood" once he gets "too old" to perform, revealing also his sadistic attitude. He speaks Italian with an Italian accent, and curses in an Italian gibberish when he gets angry, though he is called "Gypsy" by Honest John, probably due to his theatre and caravan always traveling, along with other names like "rascal" and "faker". Due to his popularity, he's been for long the only character of the film to be part of the official Disney Villains line-up.
    • Judels also voiced the cruel and wicked Coachman, owner and operator of Pleasure Island, where unruly boys are turned into donkeys and sold. This latter is the only antagonist of the film which is not an official member of the aforementioned Disney Villains line-up/franchise.
  • Evelyn Venable as the Blue Fairy, who brings Pinocchio to life, and promises to turn him into a real boy if he proves himself brave, truthful, and selfless. Live-action references for the Blue Fairy were provided by Marge Champion, who did live-action references for the titular heroine in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.
  • Frankie Darro as Lampwick, a naughty and spoiled boy that Pinocchio befriends on his way to Pleasure Island. He is turned into a donkey on Pleasure Island.
  • Stuart Buchanan as the Carnival Barker, the announcer heard on Pleasure Island. In a book adaptation of the film, "Barker" is how the Coachman is named.
  • Thurl Ravenscroft as Monstro, the infamous, mean, vicious, gigantic, and terrible whale. He swallows Pinocchio, Geppetto, Figaro and Cleo, then tries to kill them after escaping from his belly by making him sneeze.

(The voice cast were all uncredited as was the practice at this time for many animated films.)

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

In September 1937, during the production of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, animator Norman Ferguson brought a translated version of Carlo Collodi's 1883 Italian children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio to the attention of Walt Disney. After reading the book, "Walt was busting his guts with enthusiasm" as Ferguson later recalled. Disney then commissioned storyboard artist Bianca Majolie to write a new story outline for the book, but after reading it, he felt her outline was too faithful.Pinocchio was intended to be the studio's third feature, after Bambi. However, due to difficulties with Bambi (adapting the story and animating the animals realistically), Disney announced that Bambi would be postponed while Pinocchio would move ahead in production. Ben Sharpsteen was then re-assigned to supervise the production while Jack Kinney was given directional reins.

Writing and design[edit]

Unlike Snow White, which was a short story that the writers could expand and experiment with, Pinocchio was based on a novel with a very fixed, although episodic, story. Therefore, the story went through drastic changes before reaching its final incarnation.[9] In the original novel, Pinocchio is a cold, rude, ungrateful, inhuman brat that often repels sympathy and only learns his lessons the hard way. The writers decided to modernize the character and depict him similar to Edgar Bergen's dummy Charlie McCarthy, but equally as rambunctious as the puppet in the book. The story was still being developed in the early stages of animation.

Early scenes animated by Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston show that Pinocchio's design was exactly like that of a real wooden puppet with a long pointed nose, a peaked cap and bare wooden hands. Disney, however, was not impressed with the work that was being done on the film. He felt that no one could really sympathize with such a character and called for an immediate halt in production.Fred Moore redesigned the character slightly to make him more appealing, but the design still retained a wooden feel. Young and upcoming animator Milt Kahl felt that Thomas, Johnston and Moore were "rather obsessed with the idea of this boy being a wooden puppet" and felt that they should "forget that he was a puppet and get a cute little boy; you can always draw the wooden joints and make him a wooden puppet afterwards". Co-supervising director Hamilton Luske suggested to Kahl that he should demonstrate his beliefs by animating a test sequence. Kahl showed Disney a test scene in which Pinocchio is underwater looking for his father. From this scene, Kahl re-envisioned the character by making him look more like a real boy, with a child's Tyrolean hat and standard cartoon character four-fingered (or three and a thumb) hands with Mickey Mouse-type gloves on them. The only parts of Pinocchio that still looked more or less like a puppet were his arms, legs and his little button wooden nose. Disney embraced Kahl's scene and immediately urged the writers to evolve Pinocchio into a more innocent, naïve, somewhat coy personality that reflected Kahl's design.

However, Disney discovered that the new Pinocchio was too helpless and was far too often led astray by deceiving characters. Therefore, in the summer of 1938, Disney and his story team established the character of the cricket. Originally, the talking cricket was only a minor character that Pinocchio abruptly killed by squashing him with a mallet and that later returned as a ghost. Disney dubbed the cricket "Jiminy", and made him into a character that would try to guide Pinocchio into the right decisions. Once the character was expanded, he was depicted as a realistic cricket with toothed legs and waving antennae, but Disney wanted something more likable. Ward Kimball had spent several months animating two sequences—a soup-eating musical number and a bed-building sequence—in Snow White, which was cut from the film due to pacing reasons. Kimball was about to quit until Disney rewarded him for his work by promoting him to the supervising animator of Jiminy Cricket. Kimball then conjured up the design for Jiminy Cricket, whom he described as a little man with an egg head and no ears. Jiminy "was a cricket because we called him a cricket," Kimball later joked.

Casting[edit]

Dickie Jones(right, as an adult) voices Pinocchio in the film.

Due to the huge success of Snow White, Walt Disney wanted more famous voices for Pinocchio, which marked the first time an animated film had used celebrities as voice actors. He cast popular singer Cliff Edwards, also known as "Ukelele Ike", as Jiminy Cricket.[24] Disney rejected the idea of having an adult play Pinocchio and insisted that the character be voiced by a real child. He cast 11-year-old child actor Dickie Jones, who had previously been in Frank Capra's Mr. Smith Goes to Washington.[25] He also cast Frankie Darro as Lampwick, Walter Catlett as Foulfellow the Fox, Evelyn Venable as the Blue Fairy, Charles Judels as both the villainous Stromboli and the Coachman, and Christian Rub as Geppetto, whose design was even a caricature of Rub.

Another voice actor recruited was Mel Blanc, best remembered for voicing many of the characters in Warner Bros. cartoon shorts. Blanc was hired to perform the voice of Gideon the Cat. However, it was eventually decided that Gideon would be mute, so all of Blanc's recorded dialogue was subsequently deleted except for a solitary hiccup, which was heard three times in the finished film.[citation needed]

Animation[edit]

Animation on the film began in January 1938, but work on Pinocchio's animation was discontinued as the writers sought to re-work his characterization and the film's narrative structure. However, animation on the film's supporting characters started in April 1938. Animation would not resume again with the revised story until September.

During the production of the film, story artist Joe Grant formed a character model department, which would be responsible for building three-dimensional clay models of the characters in the film, known as maquettes. These models were then given to the staff to observe how a character should be drawn from any given angle desired by the artists. The model makers also built working models of Geppetto's elaborate cuckoo clocks designed by Albert Hurter, as well as Stromboli's gypsy wagon and wooden cage, and the Coachman's carriage. However, owing to the difficulty animating a realistic moving vehicle, the artists filmed the carriage maquettes on a miniature set using stop motion animation. Then, each frame of the animation was transferred onto animation cels using an early version of a Xerox. The cels were then painted on the back and overlaid on top of background images with the cels of the characters to create the completed shot on the rostrum camera. Like Snow White, live-action footage was shot for Pinocchio with the actors playing the scenes in pantomime, supervised by Luske. Rather than tracing, which would result in stiff unnatural movement, the animators used the footage as a guide for animation by studying human movement and then incorporating some poses into the animation (though slightly exaggerated).

Pinocchio was a groundbreaking achievement in the area of effects animation, led by Joshua Meador. In contrast to the character animators who concentrate on the acting of the characters, effects animators create everything that moves other than the characters. This includes vehicles, machinery and natural effects such as rain, lightning, snow, smoke, shadows and water, as well as the fantasy or science-fiction type effects like the Pixie Dust of Peter Pan (1953 film). The influential abstract animator Oskar Fischinger, who mainly worked on Fantasia contributed to the effects animation of the Blue Fairy's wand. Effects animator Sandy Strother kept a diary about his year-long animation of the water effects, which included splashes, ripples, bubbles, waves and the illusion of being underwater. To help give depth to the ocean, the animators put more detail into the waves on the water surface in the foreground, and put in less detail as the surface moved further back. After the animation was traced onto cels, the assistant animators would trace it once more with blue and black pencil leads to give the waves a sculptured look. To save time and money, the splashes were kept impressionistic. These techniques enabled Pinocchio to be one of the first animated films to have highly realistic effects animation. Ollie Johnston remarked "I think that's one of the finest things the studio's ever done, as Frank Thomas said, 'The water looks so real a person can drown in it, and they do.'"[citation needed]

Music[edit]

Main article: Pinocchio (soundtrack)

The songs in Pinocchio were composed by Leigh Harline with lyrics by Ned Washington. Leigh Harline and Paul J. Smith composed the incidental music score.[30] The underscore for the Monstro chase sequence was orchestrated by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer composer Leo Arnaud. The soundtrack was first released on February 9, 1940.[30] Jiminy Cricket's song, "When You Wish Upon A Star", became a major hit and is still identified with the film, and later as the theme song of The Walt Disney Company itself. The soundtrack won an Academy Award for Best Original Score.

Themes[edit]

Commentator Nicholas Sammond considers Pinocchioto be a metaphor for American child rearing in the mid-20th century.

M. Keith Booker considers the film to be the most down-to-earth of the Disney animated films despite its theme song and magic, and notes that the film's protagonist has to work to prove his worth, which he remarked seemed "more in line with the ethos of capitalism" than most of the Disney films. Claudia Mitchell and Jacqueline Reid-Walsh believe that the male protagonists of films like Pinocchio and Bambi (1942) were purposefully constructed by Disney to appeal to both boys and girls. Mark I. Pinsky said that it is "a simple morality tale—cautionary and schematic—ideal for moral instruction, save for some of its darker moments", and noted that the film is a favorite of parents of young children.

Nicolas Sammond argues that the film is "an apt metaphor for the metaphysics of midcentury American child-rearing" and that the film is "ultimately an assimilationist fable". He considered it to be the central Disney film and the most strongly middle class, intended to relay the message that indulging in "the pleasures of the working class, of vaudeville, or of pool halls and amusement parks, led to a life as a beast of burden". For Sammond, the purpose of Pinocchio is to help convey to children the "middle-class virtues of deferred gratification, self-denial, thrift, and perseverance, naturalized as the experience of the most average American".

Author and illustrator Maurice Sendak, who saw the film in theaters in 1940, called the film superior to Collodi's novel in its depiction of children and growing up. "The Pinocchio in the film is not the unruly, sulking, vicious, devious (albeit still charming) marionette that Collodi created. Neither is he an innately evil, doomed-to-calamity child of sin. He is, rather, both lovable and loved. Therein lies Disney's triumph. His Pinocchio is a mischievous, innocent and very naive little wooden boy. What makes our anxiety over his fate endurable is a reassuring sense that Pinocchio is loved for himself -- and not for what he should or shouldn't be. Disney has corrected a terrible wrong. Pinocchio, he says, is good; his "badness" is only a matter of inexperience," and also that "Pinocchio's wish to be a real boy remains the film's underlying theme, but "becoming a real boy" now signifies the wish to grow up, not the wish to be good."[37]

Home media[edit]

On July 16, 1985, it was released on home video and LaserDisc in North America for the first time as part of the Walt Disney Classics label, the second title with the Classics label after Robin Hood which was released the previous December.[38] It would become the best-selling home video title of the year selling 130–150,000 units at $80 each.[39] It was re-issued on October 14, 1986 to advertise the home video debut of Sleeping Beauty. It was then released on VHS in the UK in 1988 for the first time.[40] The digital restoration that was completed for the 1992 cinema re-issue was released on VHS on March 26, 1993,[41] followed by its fourth VHS release and first release on Disney DVD as the 60th Anniversary Edition on October 25, 1999.[42]

The film was re-issued on DVD and one final time on VHS as part of the Walt Disney Gold Classics Collection release on March 7, 2000.[43] Along the film, the VHS edition also contained a making-of documentary while the DVD had the film's original theatrical trailer as supplemental features.[44] The Gold Classic Collection release was returned to the Disney Vault on January 31, 2002.[45]

A special edition VHS and DVD of the film was released in the United Kingdom on March 3, 2003.[citation needed] The fourth DVD release and first Blu-ray Disc release (the second Blu-ray in the Walt Disney Platinum Editions series) was released on March 10, 2009.[citation needed] Like the 2008 Sleeping Beauty Blu-ray release, the Pinocchio Blu-ray package featured a new restoration by Lowry Digital in a two-disc Blu-ray set, with a bonus DVD version of the film also included.[46] This set returned to the Disney Vault on April 30, 2011.[47] A Signature Edition was released on Digital HD on January 10, 2017 and was followed by a Blu-ray/DVD combo pack on January 31, 2017.[48][49]

Reception[edit]

Initial release[edit]

Frank S. Nugent of The New York Times gave the film five out of five stars, saying "Pinocchio is here at last, is every bit as fine as we had prayed it would be—if not finer—and that it is as gay and clever and delightful a fantasy as any well-behaved youngster or jaded oldster could hope to see."[50]Time gave the film a positive review, stating "In craftsmanship and delicacy of drawing and coloring, in the articulation of its dozens of characters, in the greater variety and depth of its photographic effects, it tops the high standard Snow White set. The charm, humor and loving care with which it treats its inanimate characters puts it in a class by itself."[51]Variety praised the animation as superior to Snow White's writing the "[a]nimation is so smooth that cartoon figures carry impression of real persons and settings rather than drawings to onlooker." In summary, they felt Pinocchio "will stand on [its] own as a substantial piece of entertainment for young and old, providing attention through its perfection in animation and photographic effects.[52]The Hollywood Reporter wrote "Pinocchio is entertainment for every one of every age, so completely charming and delightful that there is profound regret when it reaches the final fade-out. Since comparisons will be inevitable, it may as well be said at once that, from a technical standpoint, conception and production, this picture is infinitely superior to Snow White."[53] The film won the Academy Awards for Best Original Song, for When You Wish Upon a Star, and Best Original Score, the first Disney film to win either.

Initially, Pinocchio was not a box-office success. The box office returns from the film's initial release were both below Snow White's unprecedented success and below studio expectations. Of the film's $2.6 million negative cost – twice the cost of Snow White – Disney only recouped $1 million by late 1940, with studio reports of the film's final original box office take varying between $1.4 million and $1.9 million. Animation historian Michael Barrier notes that Pinocchio returned rentals of less than one million by September 1940, and in its first public annual report, Walt Disney Productions charged off a $1 million loss to the film. Barrier relays that a 1947 Pinocchio balance sheet listed total receipts to the studio of $1,423,046.78. This was primarily due to the fact that World War II and its aftermath had cut off the European and Asian markets overseas, and hindered the international success of Pinocchio and other Disney releases during the early and mid-1940s.Joe Grant recalled Walt Disney being "very, very depressed" about Pinocchio's initial returns at the box office. The distributor RKO recorded a loss of $94,000 for the film from worldwide rentals of $3,238,000.[59]

Reissues[edit]

With the re-release of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in 1944 came the tradition of re-releasing Disney films every seven to ten years.[60]Pinocchio was theatrically re-released in 1945, 1954, 1962, 1971, 1978, 1984, and 1992. RKO handled the first two reissues in 1945 and 1954, while Disney itself reissued the film from 1962 on through its Buena Vista Distribution division. The 1992 re-issue was digitally restored by cleaning and removing scratches from the original negatives one frame at a time, eliminating soundtrack distortions, and revitalizing the color.[61]

Despite its initial struggles at the box office, a series of reissues in the years after World War II proved more successful, and allowed the film to turn a profit. By 1973, the film had earned rentals of $13 million in the United States and Canada from the initial 1940 release and four reissues.[63] After the 1978 reissue, the rentals had increased to $19.9 million[64] from a total gross of $39 million.[65] The 1984 reissue grossed $26.4 million in the U.S. and Canada,[66] bringing its total gross there to $65.4 million[65] and $145 million worldwide.[38] The 1992 reissue grossed $18.9 million in the U.S. and Canada bringing Pinocchio's lifetime gross to $84.3 million at the U.S. and Canadian box office.[65]

Modern acclaim[edit]

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has the website's highest rating of 100%, meaning every single one of the 52 reviews of the film, from contemporaneous reviews to modern re-appraisals, on the site are positive, with an average rating of 9.1/10.[67] The general consensus of the film on the site is "Ambitious, adventurous, and sometimes frightening, Pinocchio arguably represents the pinnacle of Disney's collected works - it's beautifully crafted and emotionally resonant.".[67] On Metacritic, Pinocchio has a weighted score of 99 out of 100 based on 17 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[68]

Many film historians consider this to be the film that most closely approaches technical perfection of all the Disney animated features.[69] Film critic Leonard Maltin said, "with Pinocchio, Disney reached not only the height of his powers, but the apex of what many critics consider to be the realm of the animated cartoon."[70]

In 1994, Pinocchio was added to the United States National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[6] Filmmaker Terry Gilliam selected it as one of the ten best animated films of all time in a 2001 article written for The Guardian[71] and in 2005, Time named it one of the 100 best films of the last 80 years, and then in June 2011 named it the best animated movie of "The 25 All-TIME Best Animated Films".[72]

In June 2008, the American Film Institute revealed its "Ten top Ten"—the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres—after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. Pinocchio was acknowledged as the second best film in the animation genre, after Snow White.[73] It was nominated for the AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies,[74] and received further nominations for their Thrills[75] and Heroes and Villains (Stromboli in the villains category) lists.[76] The song "When You Wish Upon A Star" ranked number 7 on their 100 Songs list,[77] and the film ranked 38th in the 100 Cheers list.[78] The quote "A lie keeps growing and growing until it's as plain as the nose on your face" was nominated for the Movie Quotes list,[79] and the film received further nomination in the AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals list.[80]

On June 29, 2018, Pinocchio was named the 13th best Disney animated film by IGN.[81]

Canadian psychologist Jordan Peterson has spoken about the film in his lectures extensively, citing it as an example of "the manner in which great mythological and archetypal themes inform and permeate narrative."[82] Film critic Roger Ebert, adding it to his list of "Great Movies", wrote that the movie "isn't just a concocted fable or a silly fairy tale, but a narrative with deep archetypal reverberations."[83]

Legacy[edit]

Figaro, the petulant and jealous kitten character, primarily animated by Eric Larson, has been described as a "hit with the audiences", which resulted in him making appearances in several subsequent Disney short films in the 1940s.[84]

Many of Pinocchio's characters are costumed characters at Disney parks.[85]Pinocchio's Daring Journey is a popular ride at the original Disneyland,[85]Tokyo Disneyland,[86] and Disneyland Park in Paris.[87] Pinocchio Village Haus is a quick service restaurant at Walt Disney World that serves pizza and macaroni and cheese.[88] There are similar quick-service restaurants at the Disneyland parks in Anaheim and Paris as well, with almost identical names.[88]

Disney on Ice starring Pinocchio, toured internationally from 1987 to 1992.[89] A shorter version of the story is also presented in the current Disney on Ice production "One Hundred Years of Magic".[89]

Aside from the Sega Genesis/Mega Drive, Game Boy, and SNESgames based on the animated film, Geppetto and Pinocchio also appear as characters in the game Kingdom Hearts.[90] The inside of Monstro is also featured as one of the worlds.[91] Jiminy Cricket appears as well, acting as a recorder, keeping a journal of the game's progress in Kingdom Hearts, Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories, and, Kingdom Hearts II.[91] Pinocchio's home world was slated to appear in Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days, but was omitted due to time restrictions, although talk-sprites of Pinocchio, Geppetto, Honest John and Gideon have been revealed.[92] As compensation, this world appears in Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance, under the name "Prankster's Paradise", with Dream world versions of Pinocchio, Jiminy Cricket, Geppetto, Cleo, Monstro and the Blue Fairy appearing.[92]

Cancelled sequel[edit]

In the mid-2000s, Disneytoon Studios began development on a sequel to Pinocchio. Robert Reece co-wrote the film's screenplay, which saw Pinocchio on a "strange journey" for the sake of something dear to him. "It's a story that leads Pinocchio to question why life appears unfair sometimes," said Reece.[93]John Lasseter cancelled Pinocchio II soon after being named Chief Creative Officer of Walt Disney Animation Studios in 2006.[94]

Live-action adaptation[edit]

Main article: Pinocchio (upcoming Disney film)

In 1985, Jim Henson and director Steve Barron approached Walt Disney Pictures with the idea of a live-action version of Pinocchio, but Disney turned down the project.[95] In April 2015, it was announced that Disney was developing a feature length live-action adaptation of Pinocchio, with Peter Hedges writing the script.[96] In May 2017, Sam Mendes entered talks to direct the film, with Chris Weitz serving as screenwriter and producer.[97] In November, Mendes stepped down as director.[98]

By February 2018, Paul King was announced as director, with Andrew Milano co-producing with Weitz and Jack Thorne rewriting the script.[99] Principal photography was announced to take place in England and Italy, beginning in 2019.[100] By November 2018, Tom Hanks entered talks to portray Geppetto.[101][102] In January 2019, King stepped down as director, due to familial personal reasons.[103]

By October 2019, Robert Zemeckis entered talks to serve as the director on the project, with a script co-written by King, Weitz, and Simon Farnaby. Weitz and Milano are still confirmed as producers.[104] The same month, it was reported that due to the less-than-expected box office numbers from Dumbo and Maleficent: Mistress of Evil, Disney was considering releasing the film exclusively through its streaming service, Disney+.[105] By January 2020, it was announced that Zemeckis had officially joined the project as director, with a script he co-wrote with Weitz, that Jack Rapke and Jackie Levine will serve as executive producers, and that the film would still receive a theatrical release.[106][107] In August 2020, Tom Hanks, a recurring collaborator of Zemeckis', once again entered talks to play Geppetto.[108] In December 2020, the official release of Pinocchio on Disney+ was announced and that Hanks had officially signed on to play Geppetto.[109] The film will feature the original's classic songs and new musical numbers written by Alan Silvestri and Glen Ballard.[110] In January 2021, Oakes Fegley and Luke Evans entered early negotiations to portray Lampwick and the Coachman, respectively.[111][112] The following month, Evans confirmed his casting for the movie.[113]

In March 2021, Benjamin Evan Ainsworth, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Cynthia Erivo, Keegan-Michael Key, and Lorraine Bracco joined the cast as Pinocchio, Jiminy Cricket, the Blue Fairy, Honest John, and a new character named Sofia the Seagull, respectively.[114][115] Principal photography officially began on March 17, 2021.[116]

In other media[edit]

The Silly Symphony Sunday comic strip published an adaptation of Pinocchio from December 24, 1939 to April 7, 1940. The sequences were scripted by Merrill De Maris and drawn by Hank Porter.[117]

Pinocchio, Jiminy Cricket, and Lampwick make cameos in Who Framed Roger Rabbit.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Williams, Pat; Denney, Jim (January 1, 2010). How to Be Like Walt: Capturing the Disney Magic Every Day of Your Life. Simon and Schuster. p. 212. ISBN .
  2. ^"Pinocchio: Detail View". American Film Institute. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  3. ^Green, Stanley (1999). Hollywood Musicals Year by Year (2nd ed.). Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 91. ISBN .
  4. ^Collodi, Carlo. The Adventures of Pinocchio. Apple Books. Chapter 4.
  5. ^ ab"25 Films Added to National Registry". The New York Times. November 15, 1994. p. C20. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  6. ^McNary, Dave (April 8, 2015). "Disney Developing Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Movie". Variety. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  7. ^Cryer, Max (February 1, 2015). The Cat's Out of the Bag: Truth and lies about cats. Exisle Publishing. p. 134. ISBN .
  8. ^ abcdNo Strings Attached: The Making of Pinocchio (Media notes). Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment. 2009.
  9. ^Ruhlmann, William. "Cliff "Ukelele Ike" Edwards | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  10. ^"Almanac: "Pinocchio"". CBS News. February 23, 1940. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  11. ^ ab"Pinocchio [RCA] - Original Soundtrack | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  12. ^Sendak, Maurice (October 7, 1988). "Walt Disney's Triumph - The Art of Pinocchio". The Washington Post.
  13. ^ abBierbaum, Tom (May 9, 1985). "Disney Goes To Vault For Its 'Pinocchio' HV". Variety. p. 1.
  14. ^"Disney Vid Points 'Sword' At March Release Schedule". Variety. January 29, 1986. p. 10.
  15. ^"Disney Releases 'Pinocchio' Video". Chicago Tribune. July 12, 1985. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  16. ^Stevens, Mary (March 19, 1993). "'Pinocchio' Is The Winner by a Nose". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  17. ^"Pinocchio (Gold Classic Collection) [VHS]: Dickie Jones, Christian Rub, Mel Blanc, Don Brodie, Walter Catlett, Marion Darlington, Frankie Darro, Cliff Edwards, Charles Judels, Patricia Page, Evelyn Venable, Ben Sharpsteen, Bill Roberts, Hamilton Luske, Jack Kinney, Norman Ferguson, T. Hee, Wilfred Jackson, Aurelius Battaglia, Bill Peet: Movies & TV". Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  18. ^"Imagination for a Lifetime -- Disney Titles All the Time; Walt Disney Home Video Debuts the "Gold Classic Collection"; An Animated Masterpiece Every Month in 2000" (Press release). Burbank, California: TheFreeLibrary.com. Business Wire. January 6, 2000. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  19. ^"Pinocchio — Disney Gold Collection". Archived from the original on August 15, 2000. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  20. ^"Time Is Running Out ... Four of Disney's Greatest Animated Classics Are Disappearing into the Vault". TheFreeLibrary.com (Press release). Walt Disney Press Release. PR Newswire. January 23, 2002. Archived from the original on March 15, 2016.
  21. ^"Pinocchio: 70th Anniversary - Platinum Edition (DVD 1940)". DVD Empire. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  22. ^"Pinocchio | Disney Movies". Disneydvd.disney.go.com. Archived from the original on March 6, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  23. ^Knopp, JeniLynn (November 19, 2016). "D23: Pinocchio is joining the Walt Disney Signature Collection on January 10". Insidethemagic.net. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
  24. ^"Breaking: Pinocchio To Join the Walt Disney Signature Collection". Ohmy.disney.com. November 19, 2016. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
  25. ^Nugent, Frank S. (February 8, 1940). "The Screen in Review; 'Pinocchio,' Walt Disney's Long-Awaited Successor to 'Snow White,' Has Its Premiere at the Center Theatre". The New York Times. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  26. ^"Cinema: The New Pictures". Time. February 26, 1940. pp. 64, 66. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  27. ^"Film Reviews: Pinocchio". Variety. January 31, 1940. p. 14. Retrieved September 16, 2020 – via Internet Archive.
  28. ^"'Pinocchio' Screen Triumph; Walt Disney's Masterpiece". The Hollywood Reporter. January 30, 1940. p. 3. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  29. ^"Richard B. Jewell's RKO film grosses, 1929–51: The C. J. Trevlin Ledger: A comment". Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television. 14 (1). 1994. doi:10.1080/01439689400260041 – via Taylor & Francis.
  30. ^"Pinocchio (1940) - Release Summary". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  31. ^Hunter, Stephen (June 25, 1992). "'Pinocchio' returns The restored print looks better than the original". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  32. ^"Updated All-Time Film Rental Champs". Variety. January 9, 1974. p. 23.
  33. ^"All-Time Film Rental Champs". Variety. January 11, 1983. p. 16.
  34. ^ abc"Pinocchio". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  35. ^Harris, Kathryn (June 12, 1992). "A Nose for Profit: 'Pinocchio' Release to Test Truth of Video Sales Theory". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  36. ^ ab"Pinocchio (1940)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  37. ^"Pinocchio (1940)". Metacritic. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  38. ^"Pinocchio – Disney Movies History". Disney.go.com. August 4, 2003. Archived from the original on August 4, 2003. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  39. ^Maltin, Leonard (1973). "Pinocchio". The Disney Films. New York: Crown Publishers. p. 37. ISBN .
  40. ^Gilliam, Terry (April 27, 2001). "Terry Gilliam Picks the Ten Best Animated Films of All Time". The Guardian. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  41. ^Corliss, Richard (June 21, 2011). "Pinocchio | The 25 All-TIME Best Animated Films". Time. Archived from the original on October 22, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  42. ^"AFI's 10 Top 10". American Film Institute. June 17, 2008. Retrieved June 18, 2008.
  43. ^"Movies_Ballot_06"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on March 26, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  44. ^"400 Nominees for AFI's 100 Years... 100 Thrills". Listology. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  45. ^"AFI'S 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains"(PDF). American Film Institute. June 20, 2007. Archived from the original(PDF) on June 23, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  46. ^"AFI's 100 YEARS...100 SONGS". American Film Institute. June 22, 2004. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  47. ^"AFI'S 100 Years... 100 Cheers"(PDF). American Film Institute. June 20, 2007. Archived from the original(PDF) on June 12, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  48. ^"AFI'S 100 Years... 100 Movie Quotes"(PDF). American Film Institute. June 20, 2007. Archived from the original(PDF) on April 12, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  49. ^"AFI's 100 YEARS OF MUSICALS". American Film Institute. September 3, 2006. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  50. ^"The 25 Best Disney Animated Movies". IGN. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  51. ^Peterson, Jordan (January 26, 2017). 2017 Maps of Meaning 02: Marionettes & Individuals (Part 1). YouTube.
  52. ^Ebert, Roger (November 22, 1998). "Pinocchio movie review". RogerEbert.com.
  53. ^Max Cryer (February 1, 2015). The Cat's Out of the Bag: Truth and lies about cats. Exisle Publishing. pp. 134–. ISBN .
  54. ^ ab"Pinocchio's Daring Journey | Rides & Attractions | Disneyland Park | Disneyland Resort". Disneyland.disney.go.com. May 25, 1983. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  55. ^"Tokyo Disney Resort". Tokyodisneyresort.co.jp. Archived from the original on August 19, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  56. ^"Disneyland Paris Rides | Les Voyages de Pinocchio". Parks.disneylandparis.co.uk. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  57. ^ ab"Pinocchio Village Haus | Walt Disney World Resort". Disneyworld.disney.go.com. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  58. ^ abBlankenship, Bill (December 1, 2013). "Disney on Ice brings back '100 Years of Magic' to Expocentre". CJOnline.com. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  59. ^"Disney's Pinocchio (Mega Drive): Amazon.co.uk: PC & Video Games". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  60. ^ ab"Jiminy Cricket - Kingdom Hearts 3D Wiki Guide". IGN. July 31, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  61. ^ ab"Prankster's Paradise (Riku) - Kingdom Hearts 3D Wiki Guide". IGN. July 31, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  62. ^Armstrong, Josh (April 22, 2013). "From Snow Queen to Pinocchio II: Robert Reece's animated adventures in screenwriting". Animated Views. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
  63. ^"DisneyToon Studios to be Restructured and Will Operate as a Separate Unit Within Walt Disney Animation Studios" (Press release). Walt Disney Studios. June 22, 2007. Archived from the original on August 1, 2017. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  64. ^Reif, Rita (August 4, 1996). "Geppetto's Child, Despite the High-Tech Hardware (Published 1996)". The New York Times.
  65. ^Fleming, Mike Jr. (April 8, 2015). "'Pinocchio'-Inspired Live-Action Pic in the Works at Disney". Deadline Hollywood.
  66. ^Busch, Anita (May 22, 2017). "Sam Mendes in Early Talks To Direct Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio'". Deadline Hollywood.
  67. ^Galuppo, Mia (November 13, 2017). "Sam Mendes Exits Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio'". The Hollywood Reporter.
  68. ^Kit, Borys (February 20, 2018). "Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Enlists 'Paddington' Director". The Hollywood Reporter.
  69. ^Medina, Joseph Jammer (August 21, 2018). "Disney's Live-Action Pinocchio Writer Chris Weitz Says They're Still Developing The Script (Exclusive)". LRM Online. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  70. ^Coggan, Devan (November 29, 2018). "Tom Hanks in early talks to play Geppetto in Disney's live-action Pinocchio". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  71. ^"Exclusive: Tom Hanks Eyed to Play Geppetto in Disney's 'Pinocchio' Movie". Collider. November 29, 2018.
  72. ^"Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Reportedly Loses 'Paddington' Director". Comicbook. January 13, 2019. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  73. ^"Robert Zemeckis in Talks to Direct Live-Action 'Pinocchio' for Disney (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. October 18, 2019.
  74. ^"Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Remake Could Be Making The Move To Disney+". The DisInsider. October 29, 2019.
  75. ^D'Alessandro, Anthony (January 24, 2020). "Robert Zemeckis Closes Deal To Direct & Co-Write Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio'". Deadline Hollywood.
  76. ^"Robert Zemeckis Closes Deal To Direct Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Remake". The DisInsider. January 24, 2020.
  77. ^Kroll, Justin (August 5, 2020). "Disney Eyeing Tom Hanks To Play Geppetto In Robert Zemeckis' 'Pinocchio'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  78. ^Rubin, Rebecca (December 10, 2020). "'Pinocchio' With Tom Hanks, 'Peter Pan and Wendy' to Skip Theaters for Disney Plus". Variety. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  79. ^Shuler, Skyler (December 11, 2020). "Exclusive: Alan Silvestri to Compose Disney+'s 'Pinocchio' With Glen Ballard Writing New Songs". TheDisInsider. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  80. ^Sharpe, Josh (January 7, 2021). "Disney Eying Oakes Fegley for Role in Pinocchio". TheDisInsider. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  81. ^D'Alessandro, Anthony (January 26, 2021). "'Beauty And The Beast' Star Luke Evans Joins Disney's Tom Hanks 'Pinocchio' Movie". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  82. ^Radish, Christina (February 16, 2021). "Luke Evans on 'The Pembrokeshire Murders' and Why Disney's 'Pinocchio' Remake Will Be Unique". Collider. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  83. ^Verhoeven, Beatrice (March 3, 2021). "Cynthia Erivo to Play Blue Fairy in Robert Zemeckis' 'Pinocchio' (Exclusive)". TheWrap. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  84. ^Dela Paz, Maggie (March 3, 2021). "Pinocchio: Erivo, Gordon-Levitt & More Join Disney's Live-Action Film". Comingsoon.net. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  85. ^Aquilina, Tyler (March 17, 2021). "Pinocchio: Erivo, Gordon-Levitt & More Join Disney's Live-Action Film". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  86. ^Karp, Hubie; Grant, Bob; De Maris, Merrill; Taliaferro, Al; Porter, Hank (2018). Silly Symphonies: The Complete Disney Classics, vol 3. San Diego: IDW Publishing. ISBN .

Bibliography[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinocchio_(1940_film)
Opening to Pinocchio (Gold Classic Collection) 2000 VHS

Pinocchio ( film)

American animated musical fantasy film

Pinocchio is a American animatedmusicalfantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and based on the Italian children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi. It was the 2nd animated feature film produced by Disney, made after the first animated success Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs ().

The plot involves an old Italian woodcarver named Geppetto who carves a wooden puppet named Pinocchio. The puppet is brought to life by a blue fairy, who informs him that he can become a real boy if he proves himself to be "brave, truthful, and unselfish". Pinocchio's efforts to become a real boy involve encounters with a host of unsavory characters. The key character of Jiminy Cricket is based on a year "wise, old" talking cricket from the original book,[4] who warns Pinocchio of his impudence when they meet only to be killed in return shortly after, before returning as a ghost.[5] The film was adapted by several storyboard artists from Collodi's book. The production was supervised by Ben Sharpsteen and Hamilton Luske, and the film's sequences were directed by Norman Ferguson, T. Hee, Wilfred Jackson, Jack Kinney, and Bill Roberts. Pinocchio was a groundbreaking achievement in the area of effects animation, giving realistic movement to vehicles, machinery and natural elements such as rain, lightning, smoke, shadows and water. The film was released to theaters by RKO Radio Pictures on February 7,

Although it became the first animated feature to win a competitive Academy Award — winning two for Best Music, Original Score and for Best Music, Original Song for "When You Wish Upon a Star" — it was initially a box office bomb, mainly due to World War II cutting off the European and Asian markets overseas. It eventually made a profit in its reissue, and is considered one of the greatest animated films ever made, with a % rating on the website Rotten Tomatoes. The film and characters are still prevalent in popular culture, featuring at various Disney parks and in other forms of entertainment. In , Pinocchio was added to the United States National Film Registry for being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[6]

In April , a live-action adaptation directed by Robert Zemeckis had officially entered development and began filming in March [7]

Plot[edit]

Jiminy Cricket addresses the audience to open the film, informing them he is about to tell a story of dreams coming true.

One night, he arrives at the shop of a childless woodworker named Geppetto, who creates a marionette which he names Pinocchio. Before falling asleep with his pets, Figaro the kitten and Cleo the goldfish, Geppetto wishes on a star for Pinocchio to be a real boy. During the night, a Blue Fairy visits the workshop and brings Pinocchio to life, although he remains a puppet. She informs him that if he proves himself brave, truthful, and unselfish, he will become a real boy. She then assigns Jiminy to be Pinocchio's conscience. Geppetto wakes up, and is ecstatic to discover his puppet is alive.

The next day, on his way to school, Pinocchio is led astray by con-artist fox Honest John and his sidekick Gideon the Cat, local crooks and scoundrels. Honest John convinces him to join Stromboli's puppet show, which Pinocchio does despite Jiminy's objections. Pinocchio, as "The Puppet Without Strings", becomes Stromboli's star attraction. When Pinocchio tries to go home, Stromboli locks him in a cage and announces his intention to tour the world, chopping up Pinocchio for firewood once he's served his purpose. After Jiminy unsuccessfully tries to free his friend, the Blue Fairy appears and asks Pinocchio why he was not at school. Pinocchio lies, but his nose grows longer and longer until he tells the truth. The Blue Fairy restores his nose and frees him, but warns him she can no longer help him.

Meanwhile, Honest John is celebrating with his partner Gideon at The Red Lobster Inn with the (miserable) amount of money obtained by selling Pinocchio to Stromboli. They're promised money by a mysterious "Coachman", if they can find "stupid little boys" for him to take to Pleasure Island. Though Honest John and Gideon are terrified by the Coachman's statement that none of the boys come back "as boys" with his sudden demonic face and grin, not to mention the possible extreme consequences with the law if they got caught and one boy escaped from the notorious and illegal place, they get persuaded with fear and again fall in with Pinocchio-the only child around-as they leave the tavern. Honest John convinces him to take a vacation on Pleasure Island after his terrible experience with Stromboli. On the way to Pleasure Island, Pinocchio befriends Lampwick, a delinquent boy. Without rules or authority to enforce their activity, Pinocchio, Lampwick and other boys soon engage in smokingcigars and cigarettes, gambling, vandalism, and getting drunk, much to Jiminy's dismay after fun in Pleasure Island. Jiminy discovers that the island hides a horrible curse: the boys brought to Pleasure Island are turned into donkeys for their misdeeds and are sold by the Coachman to slave labor in salt mines and circuses. Pinocchio witnesses Lampwick transforming into a donkey, and with Jiminy's help, Pinocchio escapes, though with donkey ears and a tail on himself, and ever Jiminy Cricket, who asked for it Coachaman and his minions to open this door, because he want to go home.

Upon returning home, Pinocchio and Jiminy find the workshop vacant. They soon get a letter from the Blue Fairy as a dove, stating that Geppetto had gone out looking for Pinocchio but was swallowed by Monstro, a mean, vicious, terrible and gigantic man-eating whale, and is now living in the belly of the beast. Determined to rescue his father, Pinocchio jumps into the sea, accompanied by Jiminy. Pinocchio is soon swallowed by Monstro as well, where he finds Geppetto. Pinocchio devises a scheme to make Monstro sneeze, giving them a chance to escape. The scheme works, but the enraged whale chases them and smashes their raft. Pinocchio pulls Geppetto to safety in a cave before Monstro crashes into it. Geppetto, Figaro, Cleo, and Jiminy wash up safely on a beach, but Pinocchio is apparently killed.

Back home, Geppetto, Jiminy, and the pets are inconsolable over the loss of Pinocchio. However, the Blue Fairy decides that Pinocchio has proven himself brave, truthful, and selfless; to reward him, she reverses the Pleasure Island curse and turns him into a real human boy, reviving him in the process, much to everyone's joy. As the group celebrates, Jiminy steps outside to thank the Fairy and is rewarded with a solid gold badge that certifies him as an official conscience.

Voice cast[edit]

  • Dick Jones as Pinocchio, a wooden puppet carved by Geppetto, and turned into a living puppet by the Blue Fairy.
  • Cliff Edwards as Jiminy Cricket, a cheerful, intelligent, and wisecracking cricket, who acts as Pinocchio's "conscience", and the partial narrator of the story.
  • Christian Rub as Geppetto, a kind and elderly wood-carver, who creates Pinocchio, and wishes for him to become a real boy. He speaks with an Austrian accent.
  • Clarence Nash as Figaro, Geppetto's spoiled pet cat who is prone to jealousy. Cleo, Geppetto's flirty pet goldfish with a habit of being Figaro's counselor, is unvoiced. Figaro and Cleo were original characters added to the script by the Disney team.[8]
  • Walter Catlett as "Honest" John Worthington Foulfellow, a dishonest, deceitful, illiterate, poor, and greedy anthropomorphicred fox who swindles Pinocchio twice.
  • Charles Judels as Stromboli, a cruel and greedy puppeteer, who intends to force Pinocchio to perform onstage in order to make money and to use him as "firewood" once he gets "too old" to perform, revealing also his sadistic attitude. He speaks Italian with an Italian accent, and curses in an Italian gibberish when he gets angry, though he is called "Gypsy" by Honest John, probably due to his theatre and caravan always traveling, along with other names like "rascal" and "faker". Due to his popularity, he's been for long the only character of the film to be part of the official Disney Villains line-up.
    • Judels also voiced the cruel and wicked Coachman, owner and operator of Pleasure Island, where unruly boys are turned into donkeys and sold. This latter is the only antagonist of the film which is not an official member of the aforementioned Disney Villains line-up/franchise.
  • Evelyn Venable as the Blue Fairy, who brings Pinocchio to life, and promises to turn him into a real boy if he proves himself brave, truthful, and selfless. Live-action references for the Blue Fairy were provided by Marge Champion, who did live-action references for the titular heroine in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.
  • Frankie Darro as Lampwick, a naughty and spoiled boy that Pinocchio befriends on his way to Pleasure Island. He is turned into a donkey on Pleasure Island.
  • Stuart Buchanan as the Carnival Barker, the announcer heard on Pleasure Island. In a book adaptation of the film, "Barker" is how the Coachman is named.
  • Thurl Ravenscroft as Monstro, the infamous, mean, vicious, gigantic, and terrible whale. He swallows Pinocchio, Geppetto, Figaro and Cleo, then tries to kill them after escaping from his belly by making him sneeze.

(The voice cast were all uncredited as was the practice at this time for many animated films.)

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

In September , during the production of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, animator Norman Ferguson brought a translated version of Carlo Collodi's Italian children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio to the attention of Walt Disney. After reading the book, "Walt was busting his guts with enthusiasm" as Ferguson later recalled. Disney then commissioned storyboard artist Bianca Majolie to write a new story outline for the book, but after reading it, he felt her outline was too faithful.Pinocchio was intended to be the studio's third feature, after Bambi. However, due to difficulties with Bambi (adapting the story and animating the animals realistically), Disney announced that Bambi would be postponed while Pinocchio would move ahead in production. Ben Sharpsteen was then re-assigned to supervise the production while Jack Kinney was given directional reins.

Writing and design[edit]

Unlike Snow White, which was a short story that the writers could expand and experiment with, Pinocchio was based on a novel with a very fixed, although episodic, story. Therefore, the story went through drastic changes before reaching its final incarnation.[9] In the original novel, Pinocchio is a cold, rude, ungrateful, inhuman brat that often repels sympathy and only learns his lessons the hard way. The writers decided to modernize the character and depict him similar to Edgar Bergen's dummy Charlie McCarthy, but equally as rambunctious as the puppet in the book. The story was still being developed in the early stages of animation.

Early scenes animated by Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston show that Pinocchio's design was exactly like that of a real wooden puppet with a long pointed nose, a peaked cap and bare wooden hands. Disney, however, was not impressed with the work that was being done on the film. He felt that no one could really sympathize with such a character and called for an immediate halt in production.Fred Moore redesigned the character slightly to make him more appealing, but the design still retained a wooden feel. Young and upcoming animator Milt Kahl felt that Thomas, Johnston and Moore were "rather obsessed with the idea of this boy being a wooden puppet" and felt that they should "forget that he was a puppet and get a cute little boy; you can always draw the wooden joints and make him a wooden puppet afterwards". Co-supervising director Hamilton Luske suggested to Kahl that he should demonstrate his beliefs by animating a test sequence. Kahl showed Disney a test scene in which Pinocchio is underwater looking for his father. From this scene, Kahl re-envisioned the character by making him look more like a real boy, with a child's Tyrolean hat and standard cartoon character four-fingered (or three and a thumb) hands with Mickey Mouse-type gloves on them. The only parts of Pinocchio that still looked more or less like a puppet were his arms, legs and his little button wooden nose. Disney embraced Kahl's scene and immediately urged the writers to evolve Pinocchio into a more innocent, naïve, somewhat coy personality that reflected Kahl's design.

However, Disney discovered that the new Pinocchio was too helpless and was far too often led astray by deceiving characters. Therefore, in the summer of , Disney and his story team established the character of the cricket. Originally, the talking cricket was only a minor character that Pinocchio abruptly killed by squashing him with a mallet and that later returned as a ghost. Disney dubbed the cricket "Jiminy", and made him into a character that would try to guide Pinocchio into the right decisions. Once the character was expanded, he was depicted as a realistic cricket with toothed legs and waving antennae, but Disney wanted something more likable. Ward Kimball had spent several months animating two sequences—a soup-eating musical number and a bed-building sequence—in Snow White, which was cut from the film due to pacing reasons. Kimball was about to quit until Disney rewarded him for his work by promoting him to the supervising animator of Jiminy Cricket. Kimball then conjured up the design for Jiminy Cricket, whom he described as a little man with an egg head and no ears. Jiminy "was a cricket because we called him a cricket," Kimball later joked.

Casting[edit]

Dickie Jones(right, as an adult) voices Pinocchio in the film.

Due to the huge success of Snow White, Walt Disney wanted more famous voices for Pinocchio, which marked the first time an animated film had used celebrities as voice actors. He cast popular singer Cliff Edwards, also known as "Ukelele Ike", as Jiminy Cricket.[24] Disney rejected the idea of having an adult play Pinocchio and insisted that the character be voiced by a real child. He cast year-old child actor Dickie Jones, who had previously been in Frank Capra's Mr. Smith Goes to Washington.[25] He also cast Frankie Darro as Lampwick, Walter Catlett as Foulfellow the Fox, Evelyn Venable as the Blue Fairy, Charles Judels as both the villainous Stromboli and the Coachman, and Christian Rub as Geppetto, whose design was even a caricature of Rub.

Another voice actor recruited was Mel Blanc, best remembered for voicing many of the characters in Warner Bros. cartoon shorts. Blanc was hired to perform the voice of Gideon the Cat. However, it was eventually decided that Gideon would be mute, so all of Blanc's recorded dialogue was subsequently deleted except for a solitary hiccup, which was heard three times in the finished film.[citation needed]

Animation[edit]

Animation on the film began in January , but work on Pinocchio's animation was discontinued as the writers sought to re-work his characterization and the film's narrative structure. However, animation on the film's supporting characters started in April Animation would not resume again with the revised story until September.

During the production of the film, story artist Joe Grant formed a character model department, which would be responsible for building three-dimensional clay models of the characters in the film, known as maquettes. These models were then given to the staff to observe how a character should be drawn from any given angle desired by the artists. The model makers also built working models of Geppetto's elaborate cuckoo clocks designed by Albert Hurter, as well as Stromboli's gypsy wagon and wooden cage, and the Coachman's carriage. However, owing to the difficulty animating a realistic moving vehicle, the artists filmed the carriage maquettes on a miniature set using stop motion animation. Then, each frame of the animation was transferred onto animation cels using an early version of a Xerox. The cels were then painted on the back and overlaid on top of background images with the cels of the characters to create the completed shot on the rostrum camera. Like Snow White, live-action footage was shot for Pinocchio with the actors playing the scenes in pantomime, supervised by Luske. Rather than tracing, which would result in stiff unnatural movement, the animators used the footage as a guide for animation by studying human movement and then incorporating some poses into the animation (though slightly exaggerated).

Pinocchio was a groundbreaking achievement in the area of effects animation, led by Joshua Meador. In contrast to the character animators who concentrate on the acting of the characters, effects animators create everything that moves other than the characters. This includes vehicles, machinery and natural effects such as rain, lightning, snow, smoke, shadows and water, as well as the fantasy or science-fiction type effects like the Pixie Dust of Peter Pan ( film). The influential abstract animator Oskar Fischinger, who mainly worked on Fantasia contributed to the effects animation of the Blue Fairy's wand. Effects animator Sandy Strother kept a diary about his year-long animation of the water effects, which included splashes, ripples, bubbles, waves and the illusion of being underwater. To help give depth to the ocean, the animators put more detail into the waves on the water surface in the foreground, and put in less detail as the surface moved further back. After the animation was traced onto cels, the assistant animators would trace it once more with blue and black pencil leads to give the waves a sculptured look. To save time and money, the splashes were kept impressionistic. These techniques enabled Pinocchio to be one of the first animated films to have highly realistic effects animation. Ollie Johnston remarked "I think that's one of the finest things the studio's ever done, as Frank Thomas said, 'The water looks so real a person can drown in it, and they do.'"[citation needed]

Music[edit]

Main article: Pinocchio (soundtrack)

The songs in Pinocchio were composed by Leigh Harline with lyrics by Ned Washington. Leigh Harline and Paul J. Smith composed the incidental music score.[30] The underscore for the Monstro chase sequence was orchestrated by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer composer Leo Arnaud. The soundtrack was first released on February 9, [30] Jiminy Cricket's song, "When You Wish Upon A Star", became a major hit and is still identified with the film, and later as the theme song of The Walt Disney Company itself. The soundtrack won an Academy Award for Best Original Score.

Themes[edit]

Commentator Nicholas Sammond considers Pinocchioto be a metaphor for American child rearing in the midth century.

M. Keith Booker considers the film to be the most down-to-earth of the Disney animated films despite its theme song and magic, and notes that the film's protagonist has to work to prove his worth, which he remarked seemed "more in line with the ethos of capitalism" than most of the Disney films. Claudia Mitchell and Jacqueline Reid-Walsh believe that the male protagonists of films like Pinocchio and Bambi () were purposefully constructed by Disney to appeal to both boys and girls. Mark I. Pinsky said that it is "a simple morality tale—cautionary and schematic—ideal for moral instruction, save for some of its darker moments", and noted that the film is a favorite of parents of young children.

Nicolas Sammond argues that the film is "an apt metaphor for the metaphysics of midcentury American child-rearing" and that the film is "ultimately an assimilationist fable". He considered it to be the central Disney film and the most strongly middle class, intended to relay the message that indulging in "the pleasures of the working class, of vaudeville, or of pool halls and amusement parks, led to a life as a beast of burden". For Sammond, the purpose of Pinocchio is to help convey to children the "middle-class virtues of deferred gratification, self-denial, thrift, and perseverance, naturalized as the experience of the most average American".

Author and illustrator Maurice Sendak, who saw the film in theaters in , called the film superior to Collodi's novel in its depiction of children and growing up. "The Pinocchio in the film is not the unruly, sulking, vicious, devious (albeit still charming) marionette that Collodi created. Neither is he an innately evil, doomed-to-calamity child of sin. He is, rather, both lovable and loved. Therein lies Disney's triumph. His Pinocchio is a mischievous, innocent and very naive little wooden boy. What makes our anxiety over his fate endurable is a reassuring sense that Pinocchio is loved for himself -- and not for what he should or shouldn't be. Disney has corrected a terrible wrong. Pinocchio, he says, is good; his "badness" is only a matter of inexperience," and also that "Pinocchio's wish to be a real boy remains the film's underlying theme, but "becoming a real boy" now signifies the wish to grow up, not the wish to be good."[37]

Home media[edit]

On July 16, , it was released on home video and LaserDisc in North America for the first time as part of the Walt Disney Classics label, the second title with the Classics label after Robin Hood which was released the previous December.[38] It would become the best-selling home video title of the year selling –, units at $80 each.[39] It was re-issued on October 14, to advertise the home video debut of Sleeping Beauty. It was then released on VHS in the UK in for the first time.[40] The digital restoration that was completed for the cinema re-issue was released on VHS on March 26, ,[41] followed by its fourth VHS release and first release on Disney DVD as the 60th Anniversary Edition on October 25, [42]

The film was re-issued on DVD and one final time on VHS as part of the Walt Disney Gold Classics Collection release on March 7, [43] Along the film, the VHS edition also contained a making-of documentary while the DVD had the film's original theatrical trailer as supplemental features.[44] The Gold Classic Collection release was returned to the Disney Vault on January 31, [45]

A special edition VHS and DVD of the film was released in the United Kingdom on March 3, [citation needed] The fourth DVD release and first Blu-ray Disc release (the second Blu-ray in the Walt Disney Platinum Editions series) was released on March 10, [citation needed] Like the Sleeping Beauty Blu-ray release, the Pinocchio Blu-ray package featured a new restoration by Lowry Digital in a two-disc Blu-ray set, with a bonus DVD version of the film also included.[46] This set returned to the Disney Vault on April 30, [47] A Signature Edition was released on Digital HD on January 10, and was followed by a Blu-ray/DVD combo pack on January 31, [48][49]

Reception[edit]

Initial release[edit]

Frank S. Nugent of The New York Times gave the film five out of five stars, saying "Pinocchio is here at last, is every bit as fine as we had prayed it would be—if not finer—and that it is as gay and clever and delightful a fantasy as any well-behaved youngster or jaded oldster could hope to see."[50]Time gave the film a positive review, stating "In craftsmanship and delicacy of drawing and coloring, in the articulation of its dozens of characters, in the greater variety and depth of its photographic effects, it tops the high standard Snow White set. The charm, humor and loving care with which it treats its inanimate characters puts it in a class by itself."[51]Variety praised the animation as superior to Snow White's writing the "[a]nimation is so smooth that cartoon figures carry impression of real persons and settings rather than drawings to onlooker." In summary, they felt Pinocchio "will stand on [its] own as a substantial piece of entertainment for young and old, providing attention through its perfection in animation and photographic effects.[52]The Hollywood Reporter wrote "Pinocchio is entertainment for every one of every age, so completely charming and delightful that there is profound regret when it reaches the final fade-out. Since comparisons will be inevitable, it may as well be said at once that, from a technical standpoint, conception and production, this picture is infinitely superior to Snow White."[53] The film won the Academy Awards for Best Original Song, for When You Wish Upon a Star, and Best Original Score, the first Disney film to win either.

Initially, Pinocchio was not a box-office success. The box office returns from the film's initial release were both below Snow White's unprecedented success and below studio expectations. Of the film's $&#;million negative cost – twice the cost of Snow White – Disney only recouped $1&#;million by late , with studio reports of the film's final original box office take varying between $&#;million and $&#;million. Animation historian Michael Barrier notes that Pinocchio returned rentals of less than one million by September , and in its first public annual report, Walt Disney Productions charged off a $1&#;million loss to the film. Barrier relays that a Pinocchio balance sheet listed total receipts to the studio of $1,, This was primarily due to the fact that World War II and its aftermath had cut off the European and Asian markets overseas, and hindered the international success of Pinocchio and other Disney releases during the early and mids.Joe Grant recalled Walt Disney being "very, very depressed" about Pinocchio's initial returns at the box office. The distributor RKO recorded a loss of $94, for the film from worldwide rentals of $3,,[59]

Reissues[edit]

With the re-release of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in came the tradition of re-releasing Disney films every seven to ten years.[60]Pinocchio was theatrically re-released in , , , , , , and RKO handled the first two reissues in and , while Disney itself reissued the film from on through its Buena Vista Distribution division. The re-issue was digitally restored by cleaning and removing scratches from the original negatives one frame at a time, eliminating soundtrack distortions, and revitalizing the color.[61]

Despite its initial struggles at the box office, a series of reissues in the years after World War II proved more successful, and allowed the film to turn a profit. By , the film had earned rentals of $13 million in the United States and Canada from the initial release and four reissues.[63] After the reissue, the rentals had increased to $ million[64] from a total gross of $39 million.[65] The reissue grossed $ million in the U.S. and Canada,[66] bringing its total gross there to $ million[65] and $ million worldwide.[38] The reissue grossed $ million in the U.S. and Canada bringing Pinocchio's lifetime gross to $&#;million at the U.S. and Canadian box office.[65]

Modern acclaim[edit]

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has the website's highest rating of %, meaning every single one of the 52 reviews of the film, from contemporaneous reviews to modern re-appraisals, on the site are positive, with an average rating of /[67] The general consensus of the film on the site is "Ambitious, adventurous, and sometimes frightening, Pinocchio arguably represents the pinnacle of Disney's collected works - it's beautifully crafted and emotionally resonant.".[67] On Metacritic, Pinocchio has a weighted score of 99 out of based on 17 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[68]

Many film historians consider this to be the film that most closely approaches technical perfection of all the Disney animated features.[69] Film critic Leonard Maltin said, "with Pinocchio, Disney reached not only the height of his powers, but the apex of what many critics consider to be the realm of the animated cartoon."[70]

In , Pinocchio was added to the United States National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[6] Filmmaker Terry Gilliam selected it as one of the ten best animated films of all time in a article written for The Guardian[71] and in , Time named it one of the best films of the last 80 years, and then in June named it the best animated movie of "The 25 All-TIME Best Animated Films".[72]

In June , the American Film Institute revealed its "Ten top Ten"—the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres—after polling over 1, people from the creative community. Pinocchio was acknowledged as the second best film in the animation genre, after Snow White.[73] It was nominated for the AFI's Years Movies,[74] and received further nominations for their Thrills[75] and Heroes and Villains (Stromboli in the villains category) lists.[76] The song "When You Wish Upon A Star" ranked number 7 on their Songs list,[77] and the film ranked 38th in the Cheers list.[78] The quote "A lie keeps growing and growing until it's as plain as the nose on your face" was nominated for the Movie Quotes list,[79] and the film received further nomination in the AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals list.[80]

On June 29, , Pinocchio was named the 13th best Disney animated film by IGN.[81]

Canadian psychologist Jordan Peterson has spoken about the film in his lectures extensively, citing it as an example of "the manner in which great mythological and archetypal themes inform and permeate narrative."[82] Film critic Roger Ebert, adding it to his list of "Great Movies", wrote that the movie "isn't just a concocted fable or a silly fairy tale, but a narrative with deep archetypal reverberations."[83]

Legacy[edit]

Figaro, the petulant and jealous kitten character, primarily animated by Eric Larson, has been described as a "hit with the audiences", which resulted in him making appearances in several subsequent Disney short films in the s.[84]

Many of Pinocchio's characters are costumed characters at Disney parks.[85]Pinocchio's Daring Journey is a popular ride at the original Disneyland,[85]Tokyo Disneyland,[86] and Disneyland Park in Paris.[87] Pinocchio Village Haus is a quick service restaurant at Walt Disney World that serves pizza and macaroni and cheese.[88] There are similar quick-service restaurants at the Disneyland parks in Anaheim and Paris as well, with almost identical names.[88]

Disney on Ice starring Pinocchio, toured internationally from to [89] A shorter version of the story is also presented in the current Disney on Ice production "One Hundred Years of Magic".[89]

Aside from the Sega Genesis/Mega Drive, Game Boy, and SNESgames based on the animated film, Geppetto and Pinocchio also appear as characters in the game Kingdom Hearts.[90] The inside of Monstro is also featured as one of the worlds.[91] Jiminy Cricket appears as well, acting as a recorder, keeping a journal of the game's progress in Kingdom Hearts, Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories, and, Kingdom Hearts II.[91] Pinocchio's home world was slated to appear in Kingdom Hearts /2 Days, but was omitted due to time restrictions, although talk-sprites of Pinocchio, Geppetto, Honest John and Gideon have been revealed.[92] As compensation, this world appears in Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance, under the name "Prankster's Paradise", with Dream world versions of Pinocchio, Jiminy Cricket, Geppetto, Cleo, Monstro and the Blue Fairy appearing.[92]

Cancelled sequel[edit]

In the mids, Disneytoon Studios began development on a sequel to Pinocchio. Robert Reece co-wrote the film's screenplay, which saw Pinocchio on a "strange journey" for the sake of something dear to him. "It's a story that leads Pinocchio to question why life appears unfair sometimes," said Reece.[93]John Lasseter cancelled Pinocchio II soon after being named Chief Creative Officer of Walt Disney Animation Studios in [94]

Live-action adaptation[edit]

Main article: Pinocchio (upcoming Disney film)

In , Jim Henson and director Steve Barron approached Walt Disney Pictures with the idea of a live-action version of Pinocchio, but Disney turned down the project.[95] In April , it was announced that Disney was developing a feature length live-action adaptation of Pinocchio, with Peter Hedges writing the script.[96] In May , Sam Mendes entered talks to direct the film, with Chris Weitz serving as screenwriter and producer.[97] In November, Mendes stepped down as director.[98]

By February , Paul King was announced as director, with Andrew Milano co-producing with Weitz and Jack Thorne rewriting the script.[99] Principal photography was announced to take place in England and Italy, beginning in [] By November , Tom Hanks entered talks to portray Geppetto.[][] In January , King stepped down as director, due to familial personal reasons.[]

By October , Robert Zemeckis entered talks to serve as the director on the project, with a script co-written by King, Weitz, and Simon Farnaby. Weitz and Milano are still confirmed as producers.[] The same month, it was reported that due to the less-than-expected box office numbers from Dumbo and Maleficent: Mistress of Evil, Disney was considering releasing the film exclusively through its streaming service, Disney+.[] By January , it was announced that Zemeckis had officially joined the project as director, with a script he co-wrote with Weitz, that Jack Rapke and Jackie Levine will serve as executive producers, and that the film would still receive a theatrical release.[][] In August , Tom Hanks, a recurring collaborator of Zemeckis', once again entered talks to play Geppetto.[] In December , the official release of Pinocchio on Disney+ was announced and that Hanks had officially signed on to play Geppetto.[] The film will feature the original's classic songs and new musical numbers written by Alan Silvestri and Glen Ballard.[] In January , Oakes Fegley and Luke Evans entered early negotiations to portray Lampwick and the Coachman, respectively.[][] The following month, Evans confirmed his casting for the movie.[]

In March , Benjamin Evan Ainsworth, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Cynthia Erivo, Keegan-Michael Key, and Lorraine Bracco joined the cast as Pinocchio, Jiminy Cricket, the Blue Fairy, Honest John, and a new character named Sofia the Seagull, respectively.[][] Principal photography officially began on March 17, []

In other media[edit]

The Silly Symphony Sunday comic strip published an adaptation of Pinocchio from December 24, to April 7, The sequences were scripted by Merrill De Maris and drawn by Hank Porter.[]

Pinocchio, Jiminy Cricket, and Lampwick make cameos in Who Framed Roger Rabbit.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Williams, Pat; Denney, Jim (January 1, ). How to Be Like Walt: Capturing the Disney Magic Every Day of Your Life. Simon and Schuster. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  2. ^"Pinocchio: Detail View". American Film Institute. Retrieved April 12,
  3. ^Green, Stanley (). Hollywood Musicals Year by Year (2nd&#;ed.). Hal Leonard Corporation. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  4. ^Collodi, Carlo. The Adventures of Pinocchio. Apple Books. Chapter 4.
  5. ^ ab"25 Films Added to National Registry". The New York Times. November 15, p.&#;C Retrieved September 20,
  6. ^McNary, Dave (April 8, ). "Disney Developing Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Movie". Variety. Retrieved June 14,
  7. ^Cryer, Max (February 1, ). The Cat's Out of the Bag: Truth and lies about cats. Exisle Publishing. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  8. ^ abcdNo Strings Attached: The Making of Pinocchio (Media notes). Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment.
  9. ^Ruhlmann, William. "Cliff "Ukelele Ike" Edwards &#; Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved February 24,
  10. ^"Almanac: "Pinocchio"". CBS News. February 23, Retrieved February 24,
  11. ^ ab"Pinocchio [RCA] - Original Soundtrack &#; Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved February 4,
  12. ^Sendak, Maurice (October 7, ). "Walt Disney's Triumph - The Art of Pinocchio". The Washington Post.
  13. ^ abBierbaum, Tom (May 9, ). "Disney Goes To Vault For Its 'Pinocchio' HV". Variety. p.&#;1.
  14. ^"Disney Vid Points 'Sword' At March Release Schedule". Variety. January 29, p.&#;
  15. ^"Disney Releases 'Pinocchio' Video". Chicago Tribune. July 12, Retrieved January 14,
  16. ^Stevens, Mary (March 19, ). "'Pinocchio' Is The Winner by a Nose". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 19,
  17. ^"Pinocchio (Gold Classic Collection) [VHS]: Dickie Jones, Christian Rub, Mel Blanc, Don Brodie, Walter Catlett, Marion Darlington, Frankie Darro, Cliff Edwards, Charles Judels, Patricia Page, Evelyn Venable, Ben Sharpsteen, Bill Roberts, Hamilton Luske, Jack Kinney, Norman Ferguson, T. Hee, Wilfred Jackson, Aurelius Battaglia, Bill Peet: Movies & TV". Retrieved February 4,
  18. ^"Imagination for a Lifetime -- Disney Titles All the Time; Walt Disney Home Video Debuts the "Gold Classic Collection"; An Animated Masterpiece Every Month in " (Press release). Burbank, California: TheFreeLibrary.com. Business Wire. January 6, Archived from the original on May 22, Retrieved September 19,
  19. ^"Pinocchio&#;— Disney Gold Collection". Archived from the original on August 15, Retrieved September 19,
  20. ^"Time Is Running Out&#; Four of Disney's Greatest Animated Classics Are Disappearing into the Vault". TheFreeLibrary.com (Press release). Walt Disney Press Release. PR Newswire. January 23, Archived from the original on March 15,
  21. ^"Pinocchio: 70th Anniversary - Platinum Edition (DVD )". DVD Empire. Retrieved February 4,
  22. ^"Pinocchio &#; Disney Movies". Disneydvd.disney.go.com. Archived from the original on March 6, Retrieved February 4,
  23. ^Knopp, JeniLynn (November 19, ). "D Pinocchio is joining the Walt Disney Signature Collection on January 10". Insidethemagic.net. Retrieved November 19,
  24. ^"Breaking: Pinocchio To Join the Walt Disney Signature Collection". Ohmy.disney.com. November 19, Retrieved November 19,
  25. ^Nugent, Frank S. (February 8, ). "The Screen in Review; 'Pinocchio,' Walt Disney's Long-Awaited Successor to 'Snow White,' Has Its Premiere at the Center Theatre". The New York Times. Retrieved February 25,
  26. ^"Cinema: The New Pictures". Time. February 26, pp.&#;64, Retrieved February 25,
  27. ^"Film Reviews: Pinocchio". Variety. January 31, p.&#; Retrieved September 16, &#; via Internet Archive.
  28. ^"'Pinocchio' Screen Triumph; Walt Disney's Masterpiece". The Hollywood Reporter. January 30, p.&#;3. Retrieved September 16,
  29. ^"Richard B. Jewell's RKO film grosses, – The C. J. Trevlin Ledger: A comment". Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television. 14 (1). doi/ &#; via Taylor & Francis.
  30. ^"Pinocchio () - Release Summary". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 14,
  31. ^Hunter, Stephen (June 25, ). "'Pinocchio' returns The restored print looks better than the original". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 4,
  32. ^"Updated All-Time Film Rental Champs". Variety. January 9, p.&#;
  33. ^"All-Time Film Rental Champs". Variety. January 11, p.&#;
  34. ^ abc"Pinocchio". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 20,
  35. ^Harris, Kathryn (June 12, ). "A Nose for Profit: 'Pinocchio' Release to Test Truth of Video Sales Theory". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 19,
  36. ^ ab"Pinocchio ()". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 29,
  37. ^"Pinocchio ()". Metacritic. Retrieved April 3,
  38. ^"Pinocchio – Disney Movies History". Disney.go.com. August 4, Archived from the original on August 4, Retrieved February 24,
  39. ^Maltin, Leonard (). "Pinocchio". The Disney Films. New York: Crown Publishers. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  40. ^Gilliam, Terry (April 27, ). "Terry Gilliam Picks the Ten Best Animated Films of All Time". The Guardian. Retrieved June 15,
  41. ^Corliss, Richard (June 21, ). "Pinocchio &#; The 25 All-TIME Best Animated Films". Time. Archived from the original on October 22, Retrieved February 4,
  42. ^"AFI's 10 Top 10". American Film Institute. June 17, Retrieved June 18,
  43. ^"Movies_Ballot_06"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on March 26, Retrieved February 4,
  44. ^" Nominees for AFI's Years Thrills". Listology. Archived from the original on March 5, Retrieved February 4,
  45. ^"AFI'S Years Heroes and Villains"(PDF). American Film Institute. June 20, Archived from the original(PDF) on June 23, Retrieved February 4,
  46. ^"AFI's YEARS SONGS". American Film Institute. June 22, Retrieved February 4,
  47. ^"AFI'S Years Cheers"(PDF). American Film Institute. June 20, Archived from the original(PDF) on June 12, Retrieved February 4,
  48. ^"AFI'S Years Movie Quotes"(PDF). American Film Institute. June 20, Archived from the original(PDF) on April 12, Retrieved February 4,
  49. ^"AFI's YEARS OF MUSICALS". American Film Institute. September 3, Retrieved February 4,
  50. ^"The 25 Best Disney Animated Movies". IGN. Retrieved June 29,
  51. ^Peterson, Jordan (January 26, ). Maps of Meaning Marionettes & Individuals (Part 1). YouTube.
  52. ^Ebert, Roger (November 22, ). "Pinocchio movie review". RogerEbert.com.
  53. ^Max Cryer (February 1, ). The Cat's Out of the Bag: Truth and lies about cats. Exisle Publishing. pp.&#;–. ISBN&#;.
  54. ^ ab"Pinocchio's Daring Journey &#; Rides & Attractions &#; Disneyland Park &#; Disneyland Resort". Disneyland.disney.go.com. May 25, Retrieved February 4,
  55. ^"Tokyo Disney Resort". Tokyodisneyresort.co.jp. Archived from the original on August 19, Retrieved February 4,
  56. ^"Disneyland Paris Rides &#; Les Voyages de Pinocchio". Parks.disneylandparis.co.uk. Retrieved February 4,
  57. ^ ab"Pinocchio Village Haus &#; Walt Disney World Resort". Disneyworld.disney.go.com. Retrieved February 4,
  58. ^ abBlankenship, Bill (December 1, ). "Disney on Ice brings back ' Years of Magic' to Expocentre". CJOnline.com. Retrieved February 4,
  59. ^"Disney's Pinocchio (Mega Drive): Amazon.co.uk: PC & Video Games". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved February 4,
  60. ^ ab"Jiminy Cricket - Kingdom Hearts 3D Wiki Guide". IGN. July 31, Retrieved February 4,
  61. ^ ab"Prankster's Paradise (Riku) - Kingdom Hearts 3D Wiki Guide". IGN. July 31, Retrieved February 25,
  62. ^Armstrong, Josh (April 22, ). "From Snow Queen to Pinocchio II: Robert Reece's animated adventures in screenwriting". Animated Views. Retrieved April 24,
  63. ^"DisneyToon Studios to be Restructured and Will Operate as a Separate Unit Within Walt Disney Animation Studios" (Press release). Walt Disney Studios. June 22, Archived from the original on August 1, Retrieved February 25,
  64. ^Reif, Rita (August 4, ). "Geppetto's Child, Despite the High-Tech Hardware (Published )". The New York Times.
  65. ^Fleming, Mike Jr. (April 8, ). "'Pinocchio'-Inspired Live-Action Pic in the Works at Disney". Deadline Hollywood.
  66. ^Busch, Anita (May 22, ). "Sam Mendes in Early Talks To Direct Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio'". Deadline Hollywood.
  67. ^Galuppo, Mia (November 13, ). "Sam Mendes Exits Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio'". The Hollywood Reporter.
  68. ^Kit, Borys (February 20, ). "Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Enlists 'Paddington' Director". The Hollywood Reporter.
  69. ^Medina, Joseph Jammer (August 21, ). "Disney's Live-Action Pinocchio Writer Chris Weitz Says They're Still Developing The Script (Exclusive)". LRM Online. Retrieved August 21,
  70. ^Coggan, Devan (November 29, ). "Tom Hanks in early talks to play Geppetto in Disney's live-action Pinocchio". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 1,
  71. ^"Exclusive: Tom Hanks Eyed to Play Geppetto in Disney's 'Pinocchio' Movie". Collider. November 29,
  72. ^"Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Reportedly Loses 'Paddington' Director". Comicbook. January 13, Retrieved January 15,
  73. ^"Robert Zemeckis in Talks to Direct Live-Action 'Pinocchio' for Disney (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. October 18,
  74. ^"Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Remake Could Be Making The Move To Disney+". The DisInsider. October 29,
  75. ^D'Alessandro, Anthony (January 24, ). "Robert Zemeckis Closes Deal To Direct & Co-Write Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio'". Deadline Hollywood.
  76. ^"Robert Zemeckis Closes Deal To Direct Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Remake". The DisInsider. January 24,
  77. ^Kroll, Justin (August 5, ). "Disney Eyeing Tom Hanks To Play Geppetto In Robert Zemeckis' 'Pinocchio'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 5,
  78. ^Rubin, Rebecca (December 10, ). "'Pinocchio' With Tom Hanks, 'Peter Pan and Wendy' to Skip Theaters for Disney Plus". Variety. Retrieved December 10,
  79. ^Shuler, Skyler (December 11, ). "Exclusive: Alan Silvestri to Compose Disney+'s 'Pinocchio' With Glen Ballard Writing New Songs". TheDisInsider. Retrieved January 26,
  80. ^Sharpe, Josh (January 7, ). "Disney Eying Oakes Fegley for Role in Pinocchio". TheDisInsider. Retrieved January 10,
  81. ^D'Alessandro, Anthony (January 26, ). "'Beauty And The Beast' Star Luke Evans Joins Disney's Tom Hanks 'Pinocchio' Movie". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 26,
  82. ^Radish, Christina (February 16, ). "Luke Evans on 'The Pembrokeshire Murders' and Why Disney's 'Pinocchio' Remake Will Be Unique". Collider. Retrieved March 5,
  83. ^Verhoeven, Beatrice (March 3, ). "Cynthia Erivo to Play Blue Fairy in Robert Zemeckis' 'Pinocchio' (Exclusive)". TheWrap. Retrieved March 3,
  84. ^Dela Paz, Maggie (March 3, ). "Pinocchio: Erivo, Gordon-Levitt & More Join Disney's Live-Action Film". Comingsoon.net. Retrieved March 3,
  85. ^Aquilina, Tyler (March 17, ). "Pinocchio: Erivo, Gordon-Levitt & More Join Disney's Live-Action Film". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 18,
  86. ^Karp, Hubie; Grant, Bob; De Maris, Merrill; Taliaferro, Al; Porter, Hank (). Silly Symphonies: The Complete Disney Classics, vol 3. San Diego: IDW Publishing. ISBN&#;.

Bibliography[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinocchio_(_film)

Gold pinocchio collection vhs

.

Walt Disney Gold Classic Collection Commercial

.

You will also be interested:

.



61 62 63 64 65