98 camaro

98 camaro DEFAULT

Chevrolet Camaro (fourth generation)

1992-2002 pony car from General Motors

This article is about the fourth-generation of the Chevrolet Camaro. For general Camaro information, see Chevrolet Camaro.

Motor vehicle

Chevrolet Camaro (fourth generation)
1993ChevroletCamaroZ28-001.jpg

1993 Chevrolet Camaro Z28

ManufacturerChevrolet (General Motors)
ProductionNovember 1992–August 27, 2002[1][2][3]
AssemblySainte-Thérèse, Quebec, Canada
Designer
Class
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel drive
PlatformF-body
Related
Engine
  • 207 cu in (3.4 L) L32V6 (160hp)
  • 231 cu in (3.8 L) L36 V6 (205hp)
  • 350 cu in (5.7 L) LT1V8 (275-305hp)
  • 350 cu in (5.7 L) LT4 V8 (330hp)
  • 346 cu in (5.7 L) LS1 V8 (305-330hp)
Transmission
Wheelbase101.1 in (2,568 mm)
Length
  • 1998–02: 193.5 in (4,915 mm)
  • 1993–97: 193.2 in (4,907 mm)
Width74.1 in (1,882 mm)
Height
  • 1998–02 convertible: 51.8 in (1,316 mm)
  • 1998–02 coupe: 51.2 in (1,300 mm)
  • 1994–97 convertible: 52.0 in (1,321 mm)
  • 1993–97 coupe: 51.3 in (1,303 mm)
Curb weight2,954–3,211 lb (1,340–1,456 kg)
PredecessorChevrolet Camaro (third generation)
SuccessorChevrolet Camaro (fifth generation)

The fourth-generation Chevrolet Camaro is a pony car that was produced by American automobile manufacturer General Motors for the 1993 through 2002 model years. It was introduced on an updated F-body platform, but retained the same characteristic since the first-generation's introduction back in 1967; 2-doors, 2+2 seating, coupé (with optional T-top roof) or convertible bodystyles, rear-wheel drive, and a choice of pushrod V6 and V8 engines. The Camaro was revised in 1998 with both exterior and engine changes. General Motors discontinued production of the fourth generation of the Camaro due to slow sales, a deteriorated sports coupé market, and plant overcapacity.[6][7]

1993–1997[edit]

1993[edit]

The 5.7-liter LT1 V8 engine

The fourth generation of the Camaro was introduced in January 1993, as a 1993 model. The production was moved from GM's Van Nuys, California assembly plant to Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec, Canada from November 1992. The new design incorporated sheet moulding compound (SMC) made from chopped fiberglass and polyester resin for the roof, hatch, doors, and spoiler.[8] Both the front and rear suspension design was improved over its predecessor. The base models were powered by a 160 hp (119 kW) 3.4 L pushrod V6 engine equipped with a 5-speed manual transmission as standard. The 4-speed 4L60 automatic transmission was optional. All models came with a red Chevrolet Bowtie on the grille. 1993 was the only year interior instruments had yellow lettering (this is one way to tell the 1993 models from the 1994 which had white interior instrument lettering).

Z28[edit]

1993 Camaro Z28 Indianapolis 500 pace car

The high performance Z28 model came with rectangular dual exhaust tips to distinguish it from the base models. The Z28 featured the 5.7 L pushrod LT1 V8 engine having a power output of 275 hp (205 kW) and 325 lb⋅ft (441 N⋅m) of torque that had been introduced on the Corvette one year earlier. The V8 engine came standard with a 4L60 automatic transmission, although the Borg-Warner T56 six-speed manual transmission was a no cost option. In 1993, the Camaro Z28 was selected as the official pace car for the Indianapolis 500. A special "pace car edition" trim was introduced in the same year and featured "Indy 500" lettering on black and white body color scheme with multicolored pinstriping and white painted wheels. 645 units were made.[9]

1994[edit]

Several changes were made for the 1994 model year. The mechanically controlled and operated 4L60 automatic transmission was replaced with the electronically operated and controlled 4L60E, which was shared with other GM vehicles with V8s, such as the Tahoe. Accordingly, the car's on-board computer was modified from dealing only with the engine as in 1993 (ECM), to controlling both the engine and transmission on automatic models (PCM).

The computer in 1993 was run via Speed Density system, which measured engine speed (RPM) and load (MAP in kPa) to compute airflow requirements and then use that against the VE (Volumetric Efficiency) table to get the proper readings in order to warn the driver about refuelling. An IAT (Intake Air Temperature sensor) was also used as air density changes with temperature. In 1994 however, the computer logic was changed to a Mass Air Flow system. This system uses a Mass Air Flow Sensor placed in front of the throttle body to measure incoming airflow into the motor by using a heated wire sensor in the airstream path, which has heat pulled away from it via the incoming air. The reduced heat is converted into a voltage signal, read by the PCM which interprets that voltage signal as mass flow. The computer uses engine sensors to judge engine conditions and provide the proper fueling off of this mass airflow reading. Another prominent difference between 1993 and 1994 systems is how the programming (or custom tuning) of the computer takes place. In 1993, the computer used a removable Memcal chip essential to run the systems. In 1994, this was swapped to a non-removable reflashable chip, which could be reprogrammed via the Assembly Line Diagnostic Link (ALDL) located underneath the driver's side of the dashboard, next to the center console.

Dashboard gauge graphics were changed from yellow to white. There was also a spot in the gauge cluster reading ASR off. Although GM had intended to install ASR or Acceleration Slip Regulation (called "TCS" by Pontiac) in the 1994 F-body models, it never made it into production until 1995. The Z28 received updated front brakes and cooling fans were changed mid-year from a parallel to a series setup. At low RPM, both fans operated on 6 V, but on high RPM, both operated on 12 V. Performance figures for the Z28 include a 0–60 mph acceleration time of 5.7 seconds and quarter-mile times of 14.2 seconds.[10]

1995[edit]

In 1995, the 3800 Series II V6 engine joined the 3.4 liter V6 engine offered on the base models thus giving the buyers a choice of two V6 engines for the first time. The 3800 engine had a power output of 200 hp (149 kW) and would eventually replace the 3.4 liter V6 engine due to its more refined nature. The LT1 V8 had a power output of 275 hp (205 kW). The high performance variant of the Z28 called the Z28 SS was not introduced until 1996 in collaboration with SLP Engineering with the engine tuned to have a power output of 305 hp (227 kW). 17-inch wheels also became available as an option.[11]

1996[edit]

1996 Chevrolet Camaro Z28

1996 saw minor mechanical revisions, as well as small power gains from the new OBD II-compliant engine controls. All base models were now equipped with the 3800 series II V6 engine rated at 200 hp. New wheel and tire package on the SS resulted in better handling and braking compared to the Z28.[clarification needed] Convertible Super Sport cars however had 16 inch ZR1 style wheels. Also available this year for the V6 model was the Y87 package, which included an Auburn limited-slip differential, better tires, dual exhaust tips, 4-wheel disc brakes, a sportier steering ratio, and more aggressive gear ratio in the differential for automatic transmission equipped cars.

1997[edit]

1997 Camaro Z28 convertible

For the 1997 model year, the Camaro featured a new interior and tri-colored taillights that would be standard on all models from 1997 to 2002. A "30th Anniversary Limited Edition" trim package, commemorating 30 years since the Camaro was introduced, was added to the range which included unique orange stripes on white base paint. It was only available on the Z28 and SS models. A 30th Anniversary Camaro may be identified by RPO code Z4C on the trim tag. A total of 979 30th Anniversary models were made in 1997. New 5-spoke 16-inch wheels became standard on the Z28 this year (17" ZR-1 style on SS coupé models) available in either polished, chrome, or white (only on the 30th Anniversary models), replacing the previous 10-spoke turbine style design.

30th Anniversary LT4 SS[edit]

An additional 108 30th Anniversary models were modified by SLP Engineering equipment with the LT4 V8 engine having a power output of 330 hp (246 kW) and 340 lb⋅ft (461 N⋅m) of torque. 100 cars were allocated to the US market while 6 cars were sold to Canadian buyers. The remaining 2 were prototypes. These models have the R7T RPO code. The LT4 was the fastest factory-built Camaro available, as well as the most expensive at US$40,000.

1998–2002[edit]

1998[edit]

The engine bay of a 1998 Camaro Z28, having the 5.7-liter LS1 V8 engine

For the 1998 model year, the Camaro received a facelift and now had a new front clip. This replaced the quartet of square inset headlights. Replacing the LT1 engine was the all-new 5.7 L (346 cuin) LS1 V8 engine rated at 305 hp (227 kW), which had been introduced in the 1997 Corvette C5. The new engine featured an aluminum cylinder block with iron sleeves, reducing weight by about 95 lb (43 kg) as compared to the iron block LT1 engine. 1998 was the only year in which LS1 powered models had an actual working coolant temperature gauge. Minor changes were made to the suspension and the brakes were increased in size. Total production for 1998 was 48,495 units in total.

1999[edit]

1999 Camaro finished in Hugger Orange

The 1999 model year saw only a few minor changes made to the Camaro. These included the introduction of new colors such as "Hugger Orange". The fuel tanks were now made of plastic with a 16.8 gallon capacity instead of preceding metal units which had a capacity of 15.5 gallons. The valve covers on the LS1 powered models were switched to a center-bolt style, and traction control now became available on the V6 models. A new "oil change" light was added to the instrument cluster as General Motors introduced their early oil-life monitoring systems. Coolant temperature gauges were replaced with a dummy gauge. A Torsen differential was added for the Z28 and SS models. 1999 was the last model year for the RPO 1LE performance option which included factory installed double adjustable Koni shocks, stiffer springs, a larger front and rear anti-roll bars, and stiffer suspension bushings.

2000[edit]

2000 Camaro V6

Changes for 2000 were also largely cosmetic in nature. Monterey Maroon Metallic was added as an optional color, similar to the previously available Medium Patriot Red. The SS, however, was not available in this color. The black exterior color was now renamed Ebony. Previously, all V8 powered models had side mirrors painted in this color. A new four-spoke steering wheel, as found in other GM models of the time, was introduced to replace the two-spoke steering wheel dating back to the 1993 models. New 10-spoke 16-inch wheels became available, but the older 5-spoke wheels were still optional. The base models came with 16 inch steel wheels with hubcaps. The 3.8 L (231 ci) V6 and the 5.7 L (346 ci) LS1 V8 engines continued with no changes.

2001[edit]

2001 proved to be the lowest production year for the Camaro with 29,009 units built. This was partially due to production ending earlier than usual to begin work on the 35th Anniversary models commemorating 35 years of the Camaro. The Z28 and SS models received the intake manifold from the LS6 engine, used on the Z06 from 2001 to 2004 and the first generation of the Cadillac CTS-V from 2004 to 2005. This change also resulted in a revised camshaft profile and removal of the EGR system. Chevrolet also introduced a new slave cylinder for the clutch assembly that was superior to the design of previous years, as well as an LS6 clutch in manual models. Accordingly, the engine power output was increased to 310 hp (231 kW) for the Z28 and 325 hp (242 kW) for the SS which also added a power steering cooler. SLP Engineering reintroduced the RS model this year, which included rally stripes and stock cold air intake system along with the Z28 take-off exhaust from their SS conversions.

2002[edit]

2002 SS 35th Anniversary Edition convertible

The final fourth-generation Camaro was built on 27 August 2002 after which the Boisbriand plant, located in the province of Quebec just outside of Montreal then closed down.[12] Total production for 2002 was 42,098 units.[13]

GM's Performance Division unveiled a Z28 show vehicle at the 2002 Woodward Dream Cruise as a send off for the Camaro's 35-year heritage. It emulated the 1960s and 1970s Penske-Sunoco stock TransAm race team vehicles. The 35th Anniversary trim package was also available for the SS.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^http://www.superchevy.com/features/0609htp-chevy-camaros/ Retrieved August 30, 2015
  2. ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-01-18. Retrieved 2017-01-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^Weekly, Staff of Old Cars (1 October 2010). Camaro & Firebird - GM's Power Twins. Krause Publications. ISBN  – via Google Books.
  4. ^"Popular Mechanics". Hearst Magazines. December 1989.
  5. ^"1989 Chevrolet California IROC Camaro Concept Car Development". howstuffworks.com. The Auto Editors of Consumer Guide.
  6. ^"Camaro, Firebird lines to end with 2002 model year". Oklahoma City Journal Record. Associated Press. 2001-09-26. Retrieved 2007-06-01.
  7. ^McCoy, Guy. "Rising from the Ashes". Popular Hot Rodding. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
  8. ^Young, Anthony (2004). Camaro. MBI Publishing. p. 123. ISBN . Retrieved 2010-09-08.
  9. ^Young, Anthony (September 2004). Young, p. 125. ISBN . Retrieved 2010-10-13.
  10. ^"Thunderbird Club of Iowa". Archived from the original on 2007-10-12. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  11. ^Huffman, John Pearley (2013-11-13). "A Visual History of the Chevrolet Camaro, from 1967 to Today". Car & Driver. Retrieved 2019-03-21.
  12. ^Cooper, Anderson (2002-08-27). "Newsnight Transcripts". CNN. Retrieved 2006-12-27.
  13. ^"2002 Camaro Production Numbers". www.camaroz28.com. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  14. ^"2003 Heritage Camaro and Trans AM". 2002firehawk-c26.net. Retrieved 2010-08-13.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chevrolet_Camaro_(fourth_generation)

1998 Camaro Z28 - Exclusive!

Inside Chevrolet'S New Monster- Horsepower Ponycar

At great personal risk, our network of corporate moles has unearthed exciting developments for the '98 Chevrolet Camaro and Pontiac Firebird (known within GM as the F-cars). These classic quarter-mile warriors will bound toward the 21st century packing new muscle from GM's upcoming Generation III V-8 engine and touting significant upgrades to their appearance.

To be introduced in the all-new Corvette, the all-aluminum 5.7-liter (350-cubic-inch) Gen III V-8 is expected to produce up to 350 horsepower in the two-seat sports car. A slightly less powerful 5.4-liter/290-horsepower (327-cubic-inch) version of the engine is expected to be offered in the base Corvette. Our sources report that while the 5.4-liter will be fitted in the midlevel F-cars, a version of the 5.7-liter engine will be stuffed into Z28 and Trans Am models.

It's hard to overstate the importance of the Gen III engine to GM's future. This is the corporation's first new, mass-production pushrod V-8 since the Chevrolet big-block was introduced in 1965. Ultimately, it will also serve as the powerplant for GM's full-size trucks and sport/utilities. The Gen III design will replace the hugely successful 4.4-inch-bore-spaced V-8 architecture introduced as the Chevrolet small-block more than four decades ago. With the production of GM's full-size rear-drive sedans ceasing at the end of '96, the '97 F-cars will be the only platform using the 5.7-liter LT1 engine. Because low-volume production of the LT1 doesn't make economic sense for the competitively priced Camaro and Firebird, the adoption of the Gen III engine for the F-cars is inevitable.

By changing to the Gen III engines, the Camaro Z28 and V-8 Firebirds should enjoy a power increase from 285 to a whopping 320-330 horsepower, according to numerous inside sources. But would Chevrolet really use this hot new motor in the '98 Camaro so shortly after the new Corvette's introduction? In a word, yes. From a power standpoint, the current Corvette and base V-8 F-cars are now separated by a mere 15 horses, with the Ram Air and SS ponycars touting five more horses than the current base Corvette.

Technologically, the upcoming Corvette would still have bragging rights given its four-wheel independent suspension, rigid three-rail chassis, and rear-mounted transaxle. The F-cars most likely would feature a deep-skirt cast-iron block with aluminum heads, topped with a thermoplastic intake manifold similar to that already used on the 3800 V-6. A sequential-fuel-injection system will be used, along with a distributorless ignition system utilizing individual coils (located in the valve covers) for each cylinder.

One rumor maintains that the 5.4-liter version would be the motivating force in a revamped Camaro RS, which would be a Genuine Chevrolet tribute to the 327 engines installed in Camaros from '67 to '69.

The Gen III will take Chevrolet's lineup by storm, serving as the basis for not only its performance cars but also its future truck engines, beginning approximately by model-year 2000. By starting from scratch, Chevrolet powertrain engineers have developed a fuel-efficient, low-emissions V-8 whose metric specifications can be incorporated easily into next-century vehicle development. Based on the proven overhead-valve design with modified roller-lifter valvetrains and cammed for higher rev capacity, the Gen III engine should produce the tire-smoking horsepower and torque that lead-footed performance enthusiasts have come to expect.

Putting this power in gear for the F-cars will be the current Borg-Warner T56 six-speed manual and the 4L60-E electronic four-speed automatic. These familiar, durable transmissions can handle the extra power, and each contributes significantly to the F-cars' respectable highway fuel economy.

Following the precedent set with each previous F-car generation, the '98 Camaro and Firebird will receive a face-lift. The current F-car roof, doors, hatch, and rear spoiler assembly are all made of sheet-molded polyester compound, but the front fenders and front and rear fascias are formed from a softer, dent-resistant Reaction Injection Molded (RIM) plastic. Due to the limited life span of the mold tooling and the relative ease in reconfiguring the RIM pieces, a change to these components was expected.

Working with the versatile RIM components, GM could radically restyle the cars, but expect only a moderate update. The Camaro's faux scoops will be removed from the steel hood, creating a more refined appearance. Although due to be mildly updated for '97, its front fascia will be changed significantly again for '98 to accommodate clear integrated driving lamps and large grille openings with a black surround. Because air restriction is a limiting factor on the current LT1-powered F-cars, the Camaro's grille change may be related to a forced cold-air induction system to maximize power output, similar to the Ram Air system found on the current Z28 SS and Pontiac Formula/Trans Am WS6. A change from the current convoluted plastic intake to a straight-shot design should contribute to the projected horsepower increase.

The Camaro's new composite "aero" headlamps will be set into body-color tunnel housings for a cleaner appearance. A mild lower chin spoiler will dress up the Z28 model, no longer readily identifiable by the black mirrors and B-pillars as in '93. A fresh rear apron will be complemented by a new taillamp appearance featuring angled slots. Also, the rear spoiler, with its integrated brake light, will be more pronounced to help distinguish the Z28 from base and RS models.

The interior will carry over with the subtle updates made for the '97 model year, including rounded-off hard edges and adding a second cupholder.

Word is that the Firebird update has been limited to a replacement of the trademark flip-up headlights with fixed lamps, but we expect to see similar freshened front fascias and restyled hoods on the various models.

Camaro and Firebird test mules with independent rear suspensions in place of the tried-and-true live axle have been roaming around Detroit for years. While the current F-car platform reportedly was designed to accommodate a transition from the Salisbury axle to an independent setup, a combination of production costs and model hierarchy (read: Corvette supremacy) continue to stand in the way. The short-arm/long-arm front and live-axle rear suspensions will remain in production for the foreseeable future, preserving the musclecars' tail-happy character and attractive price point.

With weight estimated at close to 3400 pounds and a significant power increase, the '98 Camaro Z28's 0-60-mph times may drop below five seconds-heretofore the exclusive territory of the Corvette Grand Sport, Dodge Viper, and European exotics. Best of all, this breathtaking level of performance will be available from your local Chevrolet dealer with a base price of about $20,000. "Bang for the Buck" has been the fourth-generation Camaro Z28's creed, and the updated '98 promises to be a full-on performance explosion.

TECH DATA
1998 Chevrolet Camaro Z28*
GENERAL/POWERTRAIN
Body style2-door, 4-passenger
Vehicle configurationFront engine, rear drive
Engine configurationV-8, OHV, 2 valves/cylinder
Engine displacement, ci/cc350/5733
Horsepower, hp @ rpm, SAE net330 @ 5500
Torque, lb-ft @ rpm, SAE net350 @ 3300
Transmission6-speed manual
Axle ratio3.42:1
DIMENSIONS
Wheelbase, in./mm101.1/2568
Length, in./mm193.2/4907
Base curb weight, lb3400
Fuel capacity, gal. 15.5
CHASSIS
Suspension, f/rShort and long arm, coil springs,
Steeringanti-roll bar/solid axles, torque arm,
coil springs, anti-roll bar
Rack and pinion, power assist
Brakes, f/rVented discs/vented discs, ABS
Wheels16 x 8.0, cast aluminum
Tires245/50ZR16, Goodyear Eagle GS-C
PERFORMANCE
Acceleration, 0-60, sec. 4.9
Quarter mile, sec/mph13.6/104.0
Braking, 60-0, ft112
Slalom, 600-ft, mph0.88
Skidpad, 200-ft, lateral g68.0
PRICE
Base price$21,000-23,000
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1999 Chevrolet Camaro Convertible 3.8 V6 4-Speed Auto - POV TEST DRIVE - STAINLESS STEEL EXHAUST

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